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Jill Marie Cholette, M.D.

Contact Information

Phone Numbers

Office: (585) 275-8138

Fax: (585) 276-2627

URMFGA member of the University of Rochester Medical Faculty Group

groupAn Accountable Health Partner

assignmentNot Accepting New Patients

Faculty Appointments

Patient Care Settings

Hospital Medicine, Pediatrics

Biography

Thrombosis
Hemostasis
Inflammation

Professional Background

Jill Cholette received her Undergraduate Degree from Mount Holyoke College and completed Medical School and Internal Medicine/Pediatric Residency at the University of Rochester. She is a double-boarded Pediatric Cardiac Intensivist who completed her Pediatric Cardiology and Pediatric Critical Care Fellowships at the University of Rochester. Her primary clinical research interests are in patient blood management, blood conservation and modification, and coagulation and hemostasis. She is on the executive committee of the PALISI BloodNet subgroup and on the Society for the Advancement of Blood Management (SABM) research committee. She is the Medical Director for the Pediatric Cardiac Care Center and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit at the University of Rochester, and is the Chief of the Division of Pediatric Critical Care.

Research

Dr. Jill Cholette has research interests in thrombosis and use of blood products in critically ill pediatric patients, particularly those undergoing cardiac surgery. Dr. Cholette is working to clarify the role of inflammation in the development of thrombosis, and to determine the optimal anticoagulation regimen for the pediatric post-op cardiac surgery patient.

Her other work involves blood utilization in the pediatric ICU patient, and she is developing a transfusion strategy for the pediatric post-op cardiac surgery patients.

Dr. Cholette's clinical interests are: thrombosis, hemostasis, and inflammation.

Scientific Reviewer for Pediatric Clinical Research Organization (PCRO) at URMC 2009-present

Scientific Reviewer for Strong Children's Research Center Small Grant Program URMC June 2013

Journal Reviewer:
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2007-present
Thrombosis Research 2008-present
Postgraduate Medicine 2009-present

Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis (PALISI) Member
March 2010-present

Pediatric Blood Research Network (BLOOD NET) Member
September 2011-present

Prevalence of Acute critical Neurologic disease in children: a Global Epidemiological Assessment (PANGEA). November 2011-present; PI: Erika Fink; University of Pittsburgh
Site PI: Jill M. Cholette

Prophylaxis against thrombosis practice (PROTRACT) Study February 2012-present
PI: Vince Faustino MD; Yale University Site PI: Jill M. Cholette

Ongoing studies:
Prospective randomized controlled clinical trial comparing a restrictive v. liberal transfusion strategy in neonates and infants undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease. Principle Investigator: Cholette JM

Impact of washed blood on outcomes in adults with acute leukemia.
Co-principle investigator: Cholette JM

Comparing Ultrasound Dilution with Fick Principle in Assessing Cardiac Output and Shunt Fraction in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease.
Co-investigator Cholette JM.

Identification and significance of biologic mediators in red cell concentrates.
Co-investigator: Cholette JM

An investigation of the adverse effects of the storage age of RBC transfusions to critically ill medical patients.
Co-investigator: Cholette JM

Credentials

Specialties

  • Pediatric Cardiology - American Board of Pediatrics
  • Pediatrics - American Board of Pediatrics
  • Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - American Board of Pediatrics

Education

1999
MD | University of Rochester School of Medicine/Dentistry

Post-doctoral Training & Residency

01/01/2011 - 01/31/2014
Fellowship in Pediatric Cardiology at University of Rochester Medical Center

08/10/2003 - 07/31/2006
Fellowship in Pediatric Critical Care Medicine at University of Rochester Medical Center

07/01/2000 - 08/09/2003
Residency in Pediatrics, Internal Medicine at University of Rochester Medical Center

07/01/1999 - 06/30/2000
Internship in Pediatrics, Internal Medicine at University of Rochester Medical Center

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Awards

2012
Therapeutics Specialty Award
Sponsor: Society of Critical Care Medicine
Location: Houston, TX

2012
Research Citation Finalist
Sponsor: Society of Critical Care Medicine
Location: Houston, TX

2007 - 2010
Strong Children's Research Center New Investigator
Sponsor: URMC
Location: Rochester, NY

2005
Clausen-Bradford Fellowship Training Award

2000 - 2000
David A. Haller Award - outstanding devotion and contribution to patient care

1999
Alpha Omega Alpha Honors Medical Society
Location: South Hadley, MA

1999
The Bryce Collier Prize (student whose performance demonstrates exceptional qualities of responsibility

1999
The Benjamin Rush Prize (4th yr med student who gave unusual promise of creative scholars

1999
The Glasgow Citation (awarded by the American Medical Women's Assoc to those whose academic work is high quality

1999
American Medical Women's Association Award

1995
Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society

1994
Psi Chi, The National Honor Society in Psychology

1993 - 1994
Who's Who Among Students in American Universities & Colleges

1993
Sarah Williston Scholar for academic excellence

1992
Abbey Howe Turner Award excellence in biological sciences

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Publications

Journal Articles

9/1/2022
Valentine SL, Cholette JM, Goobie SM. "Transfusion Strategies for Hemostatic Blood Products in Critically Ill Children: A Narrative Review and Update on Expert Consensus Guidelines." Anesthesia and analgesia.. 2022 Sep 1; 135(3):545-557. Epub 2022 Aug 17.

8/20/2022
Swartz MF, Meagher C, Yoshitake S, Atallah-Yunes N, Angona R, Cholette JM, Alfieris GM. "Pulmonary Venous Gradients in Healthy Controls and Following the Repair of Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return." Pediatric cardiology.. 2022 Aug 20; Epub 2022 Aug 20.

2/1/2022
Traube C, Tucci M, Nellis ME, Avery KL, McQuillen PS, Fitzgerald JC, Muszynski JA, Cholette JM, Schwarz AJ, Stalets EL, Quaid MA, Hanson SJ, Lacroix J, Reeder RW, Spinella PC, . "Transfusion-Associated Delirium in Children: No Difference Between Short Storage Versus Standard Issue RBCs." Critical care medicine.. 2022 Feb 1; 50(2):173-182.

Books & Chapters

2012
Chapter Title: Use of blood products
Book Title: Pediatric Critical Care Study Guide
Author List: Cholette, JM; Lerner, NB
Published By: Springer-Verlag 2012 in London

2008
Chapter Title: Esophageal Caustic Injury
Book Title: Textbook of Pediatric Care
Author List: J Cholette; G Drugas.
Edited By: McInerny TK; Adam HM; Campbell DE; Kamat DK; Kelleher KJ
Published By: American Academy of Pediatrics 2008 in Elk Grove Village, IL

2007
Chapter Title: Toxic Exposures: Diagnosis and Management
Book Title: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Basic Science & Clinical Evidence
Author List: J Cholette; KS Powers; P. Abboud
Edited By: Wheeler DS; Wong, HR; Shanley, TP.
Published By: Springer-Verlag 2007

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