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Laurent G. Glance, M.D.



Showing all 105 journal articles & 1 books available

Journal Articles

Glance LG, Holloway RG. "Raising the Alarm on Brain Attacks in Surgical Patients: Are We Doing Enough to Prevent and Treat Postoperative Strokes?" Anesthesiology.. 2017 May 17; Epub 2017 May 17.

Glance LG, Li Y, Dick AW. "Impact on hospital ranking of basing readmission measures on a composite endpoint of death or readmission versus readmissions alone." BMC health services research. 2017 May 5; 17(1):327. Epub 2017 May 05.

Thirukumaran CP, Glance LG, Temkin-Greener H, Rosenthal MB, Li Y. "Impact of Medicare's Nonpayment Program on Hospital-acquired Conditions." Medical care.. 2017 May 0; 55(5):447-455.

Glance LG, Wanderer JP, Dick AW, Dutton RP. "Building Bridges Across Clinical Registries." Anesthesia and analgesia.. 2017 Mar 31; Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Cook A, Osler T, Hosmer D, Glance L, Rogers F, Gross B, Garcia-Filion P, Malhotra A. "Gunshot wounds resulting in hospitalization in the United States: 2004-2013." Injury.. 2017 Mar 0; 48(3):621-627. Epub 2017 Jan 30.

Li Y, Cen X, Cai X, Wang D, Thirukumaran CP, Glance LG. "Does Medicare Advantage Reduce Racial Disparity in 30-Day Rehospitalization for Medicare Beneficiaries?" Medical care research and review : MCRR.. 2016 Dec 6; Epub 2016 Dec 06.

Osler T, Cook A, Glance LG, Lecky F, Bouamra O, Garrett M, Buzas JS, Hosmer DW. "The differential mortality of Glasgow Coma Score in patients with and without head injury." Injury.. 2016 Sep 0; 47(9):1879-85. Epub 2016 Apr 22.

Glance LG, Osler T, Li Y, Lustik SJ, Eaton MP, Dutton RP, Dick AW. "Outcomes are Worse in US Patients Undergoing Surgery on Weekends Compared With Weekdays." Medical care.. 2016 Jun 0; 54(6):608-15.

Glance LG, Kellermann AL, Osler TM, Li Y, Li W, Dick AW. "Impact of Risk Adjustment for Socioeconomic Status on Risk-adjusted Surgical Readmission Rates." Annals of surgery.. 2016 Apr 0; 263(4):698-704.

Li Y, Cai X, Glance LG. "Disparities in 30-Day Rehospitalization Rates Among Medicare Skilled Nursing Facility Residents by Race and Site of Care." Medical care.. 2015 Dec 0; 53(12):1058-65.

Mukamel DB, Ye Z, Glance LG, Li Y. "Does mandating nursing home participation in quality reporting make a difference? Evidence from Massachusetts." Medical care.. 2015 Aug 0; 53(8):713-9.

Osler T, Glance LG, Li W, Buzas JS, Hosmer DW. "Survival Rates in Trauma Patients Following Health Care Reform in Massachusetts." JAMA surgery.. 2015 Jul 0; 150(7):609-15.

Osler T, Glance LG, Li W, Buzas JS, Wetzel ML, Hosmer DW. "Trauma care does not discriminate: The association of race and health insurance with mortality following traumatic injury." The journal of trauma and acute care surgery.. 2015 May 0; 78(5):1026-33.

Glance LG, Kellermann AL, Hannan EL, Fleisher LA, Eaton MP, Dutton RP, Lustik SJ, Li Y, Dick AW. "The impact of anesthesiologists on coronary artery bypass graft surgery outcomes." Anesthesia and analgesia.. 2015 Mar 0; 120(3):526-33.

Hyder JA, Niconchuk J, Glance LG, Neuman MD, Cima RR, Dutton RP, Nguyen LL, Fleisher LA, Bader AM. "What can the national quality forum tell us about performance measurement in anesthesiology?" Anesthesia and analgesia.. 2015 Feb 0; 120(2):440-8.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Glantz JC, Wissler RN, Qian F, Marroquin BM, Mukamel DB, Kellermann AL. "Rates of major obstetrical complications vary almost fivefold among US hospitals." Health affairs.. 2014 Aug 0; 33(8):1330-6.

Glance LG, Kellermann AL, Osler TM, Li Y, Mukamel DB, Lustik SJ, Eaton MP, Dick AW. "Hospital readmission after noncardiac surgery: the role of major complications." JAMA surgery.. 2014 May 0; 149(5):439-45.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Neuman MD. "Redesigning surgical decision making for high-risk patients." The New England journal of medicine.. 2014 Apr 10; 370(15):1379-81.

Glance LG, Mukamel DB, Osler TM, Dick AW. "Ranking trauma center quality: can past performance predict future performance?" Annals of surgery.. 2014 Apr 0; 259(4):682-6.

Glance LG, Mukamel DB, Blumberg N, Fleming FJ, Hohmann SF, Dick AW. "Association between surgical resident involvement and blood use in noncardiac surgery." Transfusion.. 2014 Mar 0; 54(3):691-700. Epub 2013 Jul 25.

Glance LG, Li Y, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Dick AW. "Impact of obesity on mortality and complications in trauma patients." Annals of surgery.. 2014 Mar 0; 259(3):576-81.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Osler TM. "ICU scoring systems: after 30 years of reinventing the wheel, isn't it time to build the cart?*." Critical care medicine.. 2014 Mar 0; 42(3):732-4.

Glance LG, Fleisher LA. "Anesthesiologists and the transformation of the healthcare system: a call to action." Anesthesiology.. 2014 Feb 0; 120(2):257-9.

Glance LG, Blumberg N, Eaton MP, Lustik SJ, Osler TM, Wissler R, Zollo R, Karcz M, Feng C, Dick AW. "Preoperative thrombocytopenia and postoperative outcomes after noncardiac surgery." Anesthesiology.. 2014 Jan 0; 120(1):62-75.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Osler TM, Kellermann AL. "Hospital quality: does past performance predict future performance?" JAMA surgery.. 2014 Jan 0; 149(1):16-7.

Cook A, Weddle J, Baker S, Hosmer D, Glance L, Friedman L, Osler T. "A comparison of the Injury Severity Score and the Trauma Mortality Prediction Model." The journal of trauma and acute care surgery.. 2014 Jan 0; 76(1):47-52; discussion 52-3.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Meredith JW, Li Y, Qian F, Dick AW. "Trends in racial disparities for injured patients admitted to trauma centers." Health services research.. 2013 Oct 0; 48(5):1684-703. Epub 2013 May 13.

Li Y, Cai X, Ye Z, Glance LG, Harrington C, Mukamel DB. "Satisfaction with Massachusetts nursing home care was generally high during 2005-09, with some variability across facilities." Health affairs.. 2013 Aug 0; 32(8):1416-25.

Dalton JE, Glance LG, Mascha EJ, Ehrlinger J, Chamoun N, Sessler DI. "Impact of present-on-admission indicators on risk-adjusted hospital mortality measurement." Anesthesiology.. 2013 Jun 0; 118(6):1298-306.

Zollo RA, Eaton MP, Karcz M, Pasternak R, Glance LG. "Blood transfusion in the perioperative period." Best practice & research. Clinical anaesthesiology.. 2012 Dec 0; 26(4):475-84.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Li Y, Stone P. "The association between nurse staffing and hospital outcomes in injured patients." BMC health services research. 2012 Aug 9; 12:247. Epub 2012 Aug 09.

Qian F, Hannan EL, Glance LG, Phelps CE, Ling FS, Veazie PJ. "Coronary stent use in New York State in the drug-eluting stent era." Journal of evaluation in clinical practice.. 2012 Aug 0; 18(4):872-7. Epub 2011 Jun 20.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Dick AW. "Outcomes of adult trauma patients admitted to trauma centers in Pennsylvania, 2000-2009." Archives of surgery.. 2012 Aug 0; 147(8):732-7.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Mukamel DB, Osler TM. "Association between trauma quality indicators and outcomes for injured patients." Archives of surgery.. 2012 Apr 0; 147(4):308-15. Epub 2011 Dec 19.

Li Y, Cai X, Yin J, Glance LG, Mukamel DB. "Is higher volume of postacute care patients associated with a lower rehospitalization rate in skilled nursing facilities?" Medical care research and review : MCRR.. 2012 Feb 0; 69(1):103-18. Epub 2011 Aug 01.

Osler T, Glance LG, Hosmer DW. "Complication-associated mortality following trauma: a population-based observational study." Archives of surgery.. 2012 Feb 0; 147(2):152-8.

Li Y, Spector WD, Glance LG, Mukamel DB. "State "technical assistance programs" for nursing home quality improvement: variations and potential implications." Journal of aging & social policy.. 2012 24(4):349-67.

Qian F, Lustik SJ, Diachun CA, Wissler RN, Zollo RA, Glance LG. "Association between Leapfrog safe practices score and hospital mortality in major surgery." Medical care.. 2011 Dec 0; 49(12):1082-8.

Osler T, Glance LG, Hosmer DW. "Comparison of hospital mortality rates after burn injury in New York State: a risk-adjusted population-based observational study." The Journal of trauma.. 2011 Oct 0; 71(4):1040-7.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Osler TM, Meredith JW, Stone PW, Li Y, Mukamel DB. "Relationship between Leapfrog Safe Practices Survey and outcomes in trauma." Archives of surgery.. 2011 Oct 0; 146(10):1170-7.

Glance LG, Stone PW, Mukamel DB, Dick AW. "Increases in mortality, length of stay, and cost associated with hospital-acquired infections in trauma patients." Archives of surgery.. 2011 Jul 0; 146(7):794-801. Epub 2011 Mar 21.

Li Y, Cai X, Du H, Glance LG, Lyness JM, Cram P, Mukamel DB. "Mentally ill Medicare patients less likely than others to receive certain types of surgery." Health affairs.. 2011 Jul 0; 30(7):1307-15.

Li Y, Glance L, Yin J, Mukamel D. "Racial disparities in rehospitalization among Medicare patients in skilled nursing facilities." American journal of public health.. 2011 May 0; 101(5):875-82. Epub 2011 Mar 18.

Ramachandran SK. "Simple math or aberrant physiology: the complex question of modified metabolic syndrome." Anesthesiology.. 2011 May 0; 114(5):1252; author reply 1253.

Glance LG, Neuman M, Martinez EA, Pauker KY, Dutton RP. "Performance measurement at a "tipping point"." Anesthesia and analgesia.. 2011 Apr 0; 112(4):958-66. Epub 2011 Mar 08.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Meredith JW, Mukamel DB. "Variation in hospital complication rates and failure-to-rescue for trauma patients." Annals of surgery.. 2011 Apr 0; 253(4):811-6.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Mukamel DB, Fleming FJ, Zollo RA, Wissler R, Salloum R, Meredith UW, Osler TM. "Association between intraoperative blood transfusion and mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery." Anesthesiology.. 2011 Feb 0; 114(2):283-92.

Glance LG, Wissler R, Mukamel DB, Li Y, Diachun CA, Salloum R, Fleming FJ, Dick AW. "Perioperative outcomes among patients with the modified metabolic syndrome who are undergoing noncardiac surgery." Anesthesiology.. 2010 Oct 0; 113(4):859-72.

Pietropaoli AP, Glance LG, Oakes D, Fisher SG. "Gender differences in mortality in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock." Gender medicine : official journal of the Partnership for Gender-Specific Medicine at Columbia University. 2010 Oct 0; 7(5):422-37.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Osler TM, Meredith W, Mukamel DB. "The association between cost and quality in trauma: is greater spending associated with higher-quality care?" Annals of surgery.. 2010 Aug 0; 252(2):217-22.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Dick AW, Mukamel DB, Meredith W. "The Survival Measurement and Reporting Trial for Trauma (SMARTT): background and study design." The Journal of trauma.. 2010 Jun 0; 68(6):1491-7.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Mukamel DB, Li Y, Osler TM. "How well do hospital mortality rates reported in the New York State CABG report card predict subsequent hospital performance?" Medical care.. 2010 May 0; 48(5):466-71.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Mukamel DB, Meredith W, Osler TM. "The effect of preexisting conditions on hospital quality measurement for injured patients." Annals of surgery.. 2010 Apr 0; 251(4):728-34.

Osler T, Glance LG, Hosmer DW. "Simplified estimates of the probability of death after burn injuries: extending and updating the baux score." The Journal of trauma.. 2010 Mar 0; 68(3):690-7.

Li Y, Schnelle J, Spector WD, Glance LG, Mukamel DB. "The "Nursing Home Compare" measure of urinary/fecal incontinence: cross-sectional variation, stability over time, and the impact of case mix." Health services research.. 2010 Feb 0; 45(1):79-97. Epub 2009 Oct 29.

Mukamel DB, Glance LG, Dick AW, Osler TM. "Measuring quality for public reporting of health provider quality: making it meaningful to patients." American journal of public health.. 2010 Feb 0; 100(2):264-9. Epub 2009 Dec 17.

Li Y, Cai X, Mukamel DB, Glance LG. "The volume-outcome relationship in nursing home care: an examination of functional decline among long-term care residents." Medical care.. 2010 Jan 0; 48(1):52-7.

Glance LG, Mukamel DB, Meredith W, Dick AW. "Hospital performance in caring for injured patients: does the type of injury make a difference?" Archives of surgery.. 2009 Dec 0; 144(12):1121-6.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Dick AW. "Grading intensive care unit performance--does one size fit all?" Critical care medicine.. 2009 Aug 0; 37(8):2479-80.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Meredith W, Wagner J, Dick AW. "TMPM-ICD9: a trauma mortality prediction model based on ICD-9-CM codes." Annals of surgery.. 2009 Jun 0; 249(6):1032-9.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Meredith W, Dick AW. "Expert consensus vs empirical estimation of injury severity: effect on quality measurement in trauma." Archives of surgery.. 2009 Apr 0; 144(4):326-32; discussion 332.

Li Y, Cai X, Glance LG, Spector WD, Mukamel DB. "National release of the nursing home quality report cards: implications of statistical methodology for risk adjustment." Health services research.. 2009 Feb 0; 44(1):79-102.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Meredith W, Dick AW. "Impact of statistical approaches for handling missing data on trauma center quality." Annals of surgery.. 2009 Jan 0; 249(1):143-8.

Li Y, Glance LG, Cai X, Mukamel DB. "Adverse hospital events for mentally ill patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery." Health services research.. 2008 Dec 0; 43(6):2239-52. Epub 2008 Jul 28.

Li Y, Glance LG, Cai X, Mukamel DB. "Mental illness and hospitalization for ambulatory care sensitive medical conditions." Medical care.. 2008 Dec 0; 46(12):1249-56.

Glance LG, Li Y, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Dick AW. "Impact of date stamping on patient safety measurement in patients undergoing CABG: experience with the AHRQ Patient Safety Indicators." BMC health services research. 2008 Aug 13; 8:176. Epub 2008 Aug 13.

Osler T, Glance L, Buzas JS, Mukamel D, Wagner J, Dick A. "A trauma mortality prediction model based on the anatomic injury scale." Annals of surgery.. 2008 Jun 0; 247(6):1041-8.

Mukamel DB, Glance LG, Li Y, Weimer DL, Spector WD, Zinn JS, Mosqueda L. "Does risk adjustment of the CMS quality measures for nursing homes matter?" Medical care.. 2008 May 0; 46(5):532-41.

Glance LG, Dick A, Mukamel DB, Li Y, Osler TM. "Are high-quality cardiac surgeons less likely to operate on high-risk patients compared to low-quality surgeons? Evidence from New York State." Health services research.. 2008 Feb 0; 43(1 Pt 1):300-12.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Dick AW. "Impact of the present-on-admission indicator on hospital quality measurement: experience with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Inpatient Quality Indicators." Medical care.. 2008 Feb 0; 46(2):112-9.

Li Y, Cai X, Glance LG, Mukamel DB. "Gender differences in healthcare-seeking behavior for urinary incontinence and the impact of socioeconomic status: a study of the Medicare managed care population." Medical care.. 2007 Nov 0; 45(11):1116-22.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Dick AW. "Estimating the potential impact of regionalizing health care delivery based on volume standards versus risk-adjusted mortality rate." International journal for quality in health care : journal of the International Society for Quality in Health Care. 2007 Aug 0; 19(4):195-202. Epub 2007 Jun 10.

Li Y, Glance LG, Cai X, Mukamel DB. "Are patients with coexisting mental disorders more likely to receive CABG surgery from low-quality cardiac surgeons? The experience in New York State." Medical care.. 2007 Jul 0; 45(7):587-93.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Dick AW. "Effect of complications on mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery: evidence from New York State." The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery.. 2007 Jul 0; 134(1):53-8.

Stone PW, Mooney-Kane C, Larson EL, Horan T, Glance LG, Zwanziger J, Dick AW. "Nurse working conditions and patient safety outcomes." Medical care.. 2007 Jun 0; 45(6):571-8.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Dick AW. "Use of a matching algorithm to evaluate hospital coronary artery bypass grafting performance as an alternative to conventional risk adjustment." Medical care.. 2007 Apr 0; 45(4):292-9.

Bailey PL, Glance LG, Eaton MP, Parshall B, McIntosh S. "A survey of the use of ultrasound during central venous catheterization." Anesthesia and analgesia.. 2007 Mar 0; 104(3):491-7.

Glance LG, Wissler R, Glantz C, Osler TM, Mukamel DB, Dick AW. "Racial differences in the use of epidural analgesia for labor." Anesthesiology.. 2007 Jan 0; 106(1):19-25; discussion 6-8.

Mukamel D, Glance L, Weimer D, Pearson T, Massey T, Gold J, Greenfield S, Jackson J, Mushlin A. "Racial variations in the choice of on-pump versus off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting." Journal of health services research & policy. 2007 Jan 0; 12(1):31-5.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Osler TM, Mukamel DB. "Accuracy of hospital report cards based on administrative data." Health services research.. 2006 Aug 0; 41(4 Pt 1):1413-37.

Glance LG, Li Y, Osler TM, Dick A, Mukamel DB. "Impact of patient volume on the mortality rate of adult intensive care unit patients." Critical care medicine.. 2006 Jul 0; 34(7):1925-34.

Bailey PL, Whitaker EE, Palmer LS, Glance LG. "The accuracy of the central landmark used for central venous catheterization of the internal jugular vein." Anesthesia and analgesia.. 2006 May 0; 102(5):1327-32.

Glance LG, Dick A, Osler TM, Li Y, Mukamel DB. "Impact of changing the statistical methodology on hospital and surgeon ranking: the case of the New York State cardiac surgery report card." Medical care.. 2006 Apr 0; 44(4):311-9.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Osler TM, Mukamel DB. "Does date stamping ICD-9-CM codes increase the value of clinical information in administrative data?" Health services research.. 2006 Feb 0; 41(1):231-51.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Osler TM, Mukamel DB. "The relation between surgeon volume and outcome following off-pump vs on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery." Chest.. 2005 Aug 0; 128(2):829-37.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Dick AW. "Evaluating trauma center quality: does the choice of the severity-adjustment model make a difference?" The Journal of trauma.. 2005 Jun 0; 58(6):1265-71.

Glance LG, Osler TM. "Coupling quality improvement with quality measurement in the intensive care unit." Critical care medicine.. 2005 May 0; 33(5):1144-6.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Dick A, Mukamel D. "The relation between trauma center outcome and volume in the National Trauma Databank." The Journal of trauma.. 2004 Mar 0; 56(3):682-90.

Glance LG, Dick A, Osler TM, Mukamel D. "Judging trauma center quality: does it depend on the choice of outcomes?" The Journal of trauma.. 2004 Jan 0; 56(1):165-72.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Osler TM, Mukamel D. "Using hierarchical modeling to measure ICU quality." Intensive care medicine.. 2003 Dec 0; 29(12):2223-9. Epub 2003 Oct 08.

Glance LG, Dick AW, Mukamel DB, Osler TM. "Is the hospital volume-mortality relationship in coronary artery bypass surgery the same for low-risk versus high-risk patients?" The Annals of thoracic surgery.. 2003 Oct 0; 76(4):1155-62.

Healey C, Osler TM, Rogers FB, Healey MA, Glance LG, Kilgo PD, Shackford SR, Meredith JW. "Improving the Glasgow Coma Scale score: motor score alone is a better predictor." The Journal of trauma.. 2003 Apr 0; 54(4):671-8; discussion 678-80.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Dick A. "Rating the quality of intensive care units: is it a function of the intensive care unit scoring system?" Critical care medicine.. 2002 Sep 0; 30(9):1976-82.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Dick AW. "Identifying quality outliers in a large, multiple-institution database by using customized versions of the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II and the Mortality Probability Model II0." Critical care medicine.. 2002 Sep 0; 30(9):1995-2002.

Glance LG, Szalados JE. "Benchmarking in critical care: the road ahead." Chest.. 2002 Feb 0; 121(2):326-8.

Glance LG, Osler TM. "Comparing outcomes of coronary artery bypass surgery: Is the New York Cardiac Surgery Reporting System model sensitive to changes in case mix?" Critical care medicine.. 2001 Nov 0; 29(11):2090-6.

Glance LG, Osler T. "Beyond the major trauma outcome study: benchmarking performance using a national contemporary, population-based trauma registry." The Journal of trauma.. 2001 Oct 0; 51(4):725-7.

Glance LG, Osler TM, Papadakos P. "Effect of mortality rate on the performance of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II: a simulation study." Critical care medicine.. 2000 Oct 0; 28(10):3424-8.

Glance LG, Osler T, Shinozaki T. "Effect of varying the case mix on the standardized mortality ratio and W statistic: A simulation study." Chest.. 2000 Apr 0; 117(4):1112-7.

Glance LG. "The cost effectiveness of anesthesia workforce models: a simulation approach using decision-analysis modeling." Anesthesia and analgesia.. 2000 Mar 0; 90(3):584-92.

Glance LG. "Selective preoperative cardiac screening improves five-year survival in patients undergoing major vascular surgery: a cost-effectiveness analysis." Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia.. 1999 Jun 0; 13(3):265-71.

Glance LG, Osler T, Shinozaki T. "Intensive care unit prognostic scoring systems to predict death: a cost-effectiveness analysis." Critical care medicine.. 1998 Nov 0; 26(11):1842-9.

Osler TM, Rogers FB, Glance LG, Cohen M, Rutledge R, Shackford SR. "Predicting survival, length of stay, and cost in the surgical intensive care unit: APACHE II versus ICISS." The Journal of trauma.. 1998 Aug 0; 45(2):234-7; discussion 237-8.

Glance LG, Keefe DL, Carlon GC. "Left atrial thrombus following liver resection with veno-venous bypass: use of transesophageal echocardiography to guide resuscitation." Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia.. 1993 Feb 0; 7(1):69-72.

Glance LG, Keefe DL, Carlon GC. "Transesophageal echocardiography for assessing the cause of hypotension." Critical care medicine.. 1991 Sep 0; 19(9):1213-4.

Books & Chapters

Chapter Title: Scoring: Its Definition and Practical Application in Current Therapy of Trauma Surgery and Critical Care.
Book Title: Injury Severity
Author List: Osler, T; Glance, LG; Bedrick, EJ.
Edited By: Asensio, J, Trunkey, D
Published By: Saunders/Elsevier Company2006 in Philadelphia (in press)