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Cynthia Monaco, M.D., Ph.D.

Contact Information

Phone Numbers

Appointment: (585) 275-0526

URMFGA member of the University of Rochester Medical Faculty Group

groupAn Accountable Health Partner

assignmentAccepting New Patients

Research Labs

Faculty Appointments

Patient Care Settings

Hospital Medicine, Infectious Diseases


Professional Background

Dr. Monaco received her MD and PhD degrees at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, and her Internal Medicine Residency and Infectious Diseases Fellowship at Washington University in St. Louis. She continued there as faculty in the Department of Medicine at Washington University from 2015 to 2017. She then joined the faculty of the Division of Infectious Diseases at the University of Rochester Medical Center in 2017, where she continues to pursue microbiome research and sees inpatient ID consults.


Dr. Monaco's research involves elucidating components of the bacterial and viral microbiome in healthy and disease states using next-generation sequencing. She has shown that severe immunodeficiency in AIDS correlated with an expanded enteric virome and altered bacterial microbiome in a sub-Saharan cohort. She additionally is collaborating with colleagues at other institutions to study the lung microbiome in transplant recipients.



MD | University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

Post-doctoral Training & Residency

07/01/2011 - 06/23/2015
Fellowship in Infectious Disease at Barnes Jewish Hospital

06/22/2010 - 06/22/2011
Residency in Internal Medicine at Barnes Jewish Hospital

06/22/2009 - 06/22/2010
Internship in Internal Medicine at Barnes Jewish Hospital

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Journal Articles

Monaco CL. "HIV, AIDS, and the virome: Gut reactions." Cell host & microbe.. 2022 Apr 13; 30(4):466-470.

Madere FS, Sohn M, Winbush AK, Barr B, Grier A, Palumbo C, Java J, Meiring T, Williamson AL, Bekker LG, Adler DH, Monaco CL. "Transkingdom Analysis of the Female Reproductive Tract Reveals Bacteriophages form Communities." Viruses.. 2022 Feb 19; 14(2)Epub 2022 Feb 19.

Madere FS, Monaco CL. "The female reproductive tract virome: understanding the dynamic role of viruses in gynecological health and disease." Current opinion in virology.. 2022 Feb; 52:15-23. Epub 2021 Nov 17.

Books & Chapters

Chapter Title: Infection in the Non-HIV Immunocompromised Host
Book Title: The Washington Manual Infectious Disease Subspecialty Consult
Author List: Johnson, Cynthia; Santos, Carlos
Edited By: Kirmani, N; Woeltje, K; Babcock, HM
Published By: Washington University Press 2013