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What is Cardiomyopathy?

Cardiomyopathy is a disease that can lead to heart failure, heart rhythm problems, or sudden cardiac arrest. There are several types:

  • Dilated cardiomyopathy, where the heart is enlarged and has trouble pumping.
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, where the heart wall is thickened, and the heart has trouble filling with blood.
  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy, where the walls of the heart are stiff and can’t relax properly.

Symptoms of Cardiomyopathy

In the early stages of cardiomyopathy, there might not be any symptoms. As the condition worsens, symptoms tend to intensify and may include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling in the ankles, feet and legs
  • Fatigue
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Sudden weight gain

UR Medicine's Treatments for Cardiomyopathy

  • Medications. Many prescription medications are available to help improve symptoms, boost heart function, and increase survival rates.
  • Surgery. Removing part of the thickened heart wall can lead to major improvement. We offer septal myectomy, an open-heart procedure to thin one wall of the heart to increase blood flow.
  • Alcohol septal ablation for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. UR Medicine Cardiac Care is one of the few centers in the country that can perform this specialized procedure to remove part of the thickened wall of the heart.
  • Implantable defibrillator. If you’re at risk of sudden cardiac death, your cardiologist may recommend an implantable defibrillator. If your heart stops, a shock from the defibrillator can restore your heart’s normal rhythm.
  • Pacemaker. For some patients, a pacemaker can help regulate the rhythm of the heart.
  • Ventricular assist device. A VAD is a mechanical device that helps your heart pump. In severe cases of heart failure, VADs are able to dramatically improve symptoms.
  • Heart transplant. In serious cases of cardiomyopathy, a heart transplant may be required.

What Sets Us Apart?

Our groundbreaking approaches at UR Medicine Cardiac Care are giving heart failure patients greater hope than ever before. 

Our program is the first in the Rochester metropolitan area and surrounding region to receive Advanced Certification from the Joint Commission for Heart Failure and for Ventricular Assist Devices. 

We’re the only center in upstate New York to perform heart transplants, with outcomes comparable to the best heart transplant centers in the nation. 

We’re one of the five largest VAD (ventricular assist devices) programs in the nation. Launched in 2001, our program has participated in nearly every major clinical study involving VADs. 

We’re the first team in the nation to implant a VAD by using the Sternal Sparing technique, which uses two small incisions instead of “cracking open” the chest. This means shorter hospitalizations, fewer complications and less pain—all contributing to a quicker return to normal life.  Our pioneering work led to FDA approval, allowing other heart centers to follow our lead and benefit other patients.

 We’re also one of the world's leading research centers on implantable defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization therapy.

And UR Medicine Cardiac Care is the area's only center to receive a Gold Plus Performance Award from the American Heart Association, meeting the highest standards for treating heart failure, coronary artery disease, and stroke.


Our care team is here for you. Find a UR Medicine expert and get care now.

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We serve you in the Rochester metropolitan area and surrounding region.

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20 locations

Cardiac Care - Brighton

Clinton Crossings, Building G
2400 South Clinton Avenue, 1st Floor
Rochester, NY 14618

Cardiac Care - Dansville

Noyes Memorial Hospital
111 Cara Barton Street
Dansville, NY 14437

Cardiac Care - Canandaigua - Canandaigua

Thompson Professional Building
395 West Street, Suite 307
Canandaigua, NY 14424

Cardiac Care - Clifton Springs

Finger Lakes Cardiology
410 Clifton Springs Professional Park
Clifton Springs, NY 14432

Cardiac Care - Rochester

Highland Hospital
1000 South Avenue
Rochester, NY 14620

Cardiac Care - Irondequoit

999 East Ridge Road, Suite 1000
Rochester, NY 14621

Cardiac Care - Penfield

1835 Fairport Nine Mile Point Road, Suite 200
Penfield, NY 14526

Cardiac Care - Henrietta

Red Creek (Calkins Corporate Park)
600 Red Creek Drive, Suite 100
Rochester, NY 14623

Cardiac Care - Seneca Falls

Lifecare Medical Associates
1991 Balsley Road
Seneca Falls, NY 13148

Cardiac Care - Brockport

Strong West
156 West Avenue, 3rd Floor
Brockport, NY 14420

Cardiac Care - Wellsville

Jones Memorial Hospital
191 North Main Street
Wellsville, NY 14895

Cardiac Rehabilitation - Hornell

St. James Medical Office Building
7309 Seneca Road North, Suite 104
Hornell, NY 14843

Cardiac Rehabilitation Center - Brighton

Canal View Office Complex
140 Canal View Boulevard, Suite 104
Rochester, NY 14623

Paul N. Yu Heart Center - Rochester

Ambulatory Care Center at Strong Memorial Hospital
601 Elmwood Avenue, Ground Floor
Rochester, NY 14626

Cardiac Care - Brighton

140 Canal View Boulevard, Suite 102
Rochester, NY 14623

Cardiac Rehabilitation - Canandaigua

FF Thompson Hospital
350 Parrish Street
Canandaigua, NY 14424

Cardiac Rehabilitation - Wellsville

Jones Memorial Hospital
191 North Main St​reet
Wellsville, NY 14895

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