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Macular Degeneration

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What is Macular Degeneration?

In age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), the central part of the retina—called the macula—deteriorates, resulting in a loss of sharp central vision. It is the most common cause of decreased vision in people over 50.

There are two types of ARMD: dry and wet. In the dry form, yellowish deposits (called drusen) form on the retina. As drusen grows, it can affect vision. In the more advanced wet form of ARMD, abnormal new blood vessels grow under the retina. These can leak, causing disturbed vision or other complications. The dry form of the disease almost always occurs before the wet form.

Symptoms of Macular Degeneration

In early stages of the disease, patients might not experience symptoms. But later, symptoms can include:

  • Blurred or decreased central vision
  • Distorted near vision
  • A blind spot
  • Visual distortions (such as straight lines appearing wavy)

UR Medicine's Treatments for Macular Degeneration

UR Medicine's Flaum Eye Institute diagnoses and manages retina diseases in a new, state-of-the-art facility.

An ophthalmologist or optometrist often diagnoses the condition through a dilated eye exam. Depending on how severe the condition is and how far it has progressed, you might be referred to a retina specialist for more detailed tests.

A growing number of therapies are available to improve vision or slow the progression of vision loss from age-related macular degeneration, including:

  • Vitamin supplements
  • Administration of special medicines, called anti-VEGF, to stop retinal bleeding
  • Laser surgery to seal leaking blood vessels
  • Low-vision rehabilitation

What Sets Us Apart?

We're the Rochester metropolitan area and surrounding region's most comprehensive treatment center for ARMD. We’re also a nationally recognized research center for understanding the causes of the disease and developing cures. This includes access to the latest pharmaceutical treatments and vision restoration techniques, including gene therapy.


Our care team is here for you. Find a UR Medicine expert and get care now.

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We serve you in the Rochester metropolitan area and surrounding region.

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9 locations

Flaum Eye Institute - Main Campus - Rochester

Strong Memorial Hospital
210 Crittenden Boulevard
Rochester, NY 14642

Flaum Eye Institute - Brighton

1701 Lac De Ville Boulevard
Rochester, NY 14618

Flaum Eye Institute - Pittsford

Tobey Village Office Park
160 Office Parkway
Pittsford, NY 14534

Flaum Eye Institute - Geneva

Finger Lakes Center
738 Pre-Emption Road
Geneva, NY 14456

Flaum Eye Institute - Rochester

500 South Clinton Avenue, Suite 104
Rochester, NY 14620

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