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What is Menopause?

Menopause is the time when you stop having menstrual periods. It is considered complete when you have not had a period for one year.

Menopause is a natural biological transition that usually starts in your 40s or 50s with perimenopause, when ovulation becomes irregular.

The average age for menopause is 51, but some people experience an earlier onset due to genetics or an autoimmune disease. Menopause can also be triggered by treatments for cancer or ovarian surgeries.

Symptoms of Menopause

Some people experience few or no symptoms, but it is common to experience symptoms such as:

  • Irregular periods
  • Hot flashes
  • Night sweats
  • Sleep problems
  • Mood changes
  • Vaginal dryness

During menopause, estrogen levels decrease, which can increase your risk of developing heart disease and osteoporosis.

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UR Medicine's Treatments for Menopause

Your provider will usually diagnose perimenopause and menopause based on your symptoms. In some cases, they may order blood tests to help make the diagnosis.

At UR Medicine, our network of providers offers routine care or consultation for specific concerns. We understand that the symptoms of menopause may be disrupting. We will work together to ensure you receive the care you need.

Because perimenopause and menopause typically occur at a time when people are also starting to experience medical conditions that are more common later in life, our experts work to understand how these conditions and their treatments interact.

If you have fertility concerns related to menopause, the Strong Fertility Center can provide consultation and treatment.


  • Hormone replacement therapy, to increase hormone levels in your whole body
  • Vaginal hormone replacement therapy, to treat vaginal dryness and sexual discomfort
  • Treatments for hot flashes
  • Treatments for other symptoms of menopause like sleep problems and mood changes
  • Treatments to prevent or treat osteoporosis
  • Contraception counseling and management
  • Menstruation management
  • Routine GYN care after menopause

What Sets Us Apart?

At UR Medicine Obstetrics and Gynecology, our providers are certified by the North American Menopause Society. We are women’s health experts dedicated to your well-being. 

Our providers are actively engage in everything that supports your reproductive health, including the latest research and treatments.

UR Medicine’s Gynecology division is on the U.S. News & World Report list of top 50 in the nation. The American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (AAGL) and the Surgical Review Corporation (SRC) have named Strong Memorial Hospital a Center of Excellence in Minimally Invasive Gynecology.


Our care team is here for you. Find a UR Medicine expert and get care now.

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Obstetrics & Gynecology

125 Lattimore Road, East Entrance, Suite 200
Rochester, NY 14620

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