Skip to content

Mitral Valve Stenosis

Make Appointments & Get Care

What is Mitral Valve Stenosis?

The mitral valve allows blood to enter into the left ventricle of the heart (the main pumping chamber) from the left atrium (the collecting chamber for blood coming from the lungs). Stenosis is a condition where the valve becomes stiff and cannot open completely, preventing normal blood flow across the valve.

Mitral valve stenosis is caused either by thickening related to previous rheumatic fever, or age-related “wear and tear.” It can be closely associated with atrial fibrillation, especially as the stiffness of the valve progresses.

Initially, patients have no symptoms. As the valve narrows more, the most common symptoms are:

  • Shortness of breath during exertion or when lying down
  • Leg swelling
  • Chest pain

Diagnosing Mitral Valve Stenosis

Diagnostic tests for this condition include:

  • Listening with a stethoscope
  • Echocardiogram (cardiac ultrasound)

UR Medicine's Treatments for Mitral Valve Stenosis

Treatment includes medications to treat symptoms (diuretics) and control heart rate (beta blockers). If stenosis is severe, we can use a “balloon” device to stretch out the valve and improve the opening. Other times, surgical valve replacement is required.

The UR Medicine Advanced Heart Valve Center is completely focused on treating heart valve problems. Here, we offer diagnosis and the latest treatment options for patients who have valve disease.

What Sets Us Apart?

The Cardiac Care Valve Center offers the full range of treatments for heart valve disease. Our team of surgeons has extensive experience with minimally invasive procedures, which can be effective for many valve repair surgery patients—even the most challenging cases. This means a shorter recovery time, reduced chance of infection, and less discomfort.

Our seasoned experts take a multidisciplinary approach, providing the most advanced valve repair surgeries and treatments available today. We regularly handle the most complex cases in upstate New York.


Our care team is here for you. Find a UR Medicine expert and get care now.

View Providers


We serve you in the Rochester metropolitan area and surrounding region.

View All Locations

20 locations

Cardiac Care - Brighton

Clinton Crossings, Building G
2400 South Clinton Avenue, 1st Floor
Rochester, NY 14618

Cardiac Care - Dansville

Noyes Memorial Hospital
111 Cara Barton Street
Dansville, NY 14437

Cardiac Care - Canandaigua - Canandaigua

Thompson Professional Building
395 West Street, Suite 307
Canandaigua, NY 14424

Cardiac Care - Clifton Springs

Finger Lakes Cardiology
410 Clifton Springs Professional Park
Clifton Springs, NY 14432

Cardiac Care - Rochester

Highland Hospital
1000 South Avenue
Rochester, NY 14620

Cardiac Care - Irondequoit

999 East Ridge Road, Suite 1000
Rochester, NY 14621

Cardiac Care - Penfield

1835 Fairport Nine Mile Point Road, Suite 200
Penfield, NY 14526

Cardiac Care - Henrietta

Red Creek (Calkins Corporate Park)
600 Red Creek Drive, Suite 100
Rochester, NY 14623

Cardiac Care - Seneca Falls

Lifecare Medical Associates
1991 Balsley Road
Seneca Falls, NY 13148

Cardiac Care - Brockport

Strong West
156 West Avenue, 3rd Floor
Brockport, NY 14420

Cardiac Care - Wellsville

Jones Memorial Hospital
191 North Main Street
Wellsville, NY 14895

Cardiac Rehabilitation - Hornell

St. James Medical Office Building
7309 Seneca Road North, Suite 104
Hornell, NY 14843

Cardiac Rehabilitation Center - Brighton

Canal View Office Complex
140 Canal View Boulevard, Suite 104
Rochester, NY 14623

Paul N. Yu Heart Center - Rochester

Ambulatory Care Center at Strong Memorial Hospital
601 Elmwood Avenue, Ground Floor
Rochester, NY 14626

Cardiac Care - Brighton

140 Canal View Boulevard, Suite 102
Rochester, NY 14623

Cardiac Rehabilitation - Canandaigua

FF Thompson Hospital
350 Parrish Street
Canandaigua, NY 14424

Cardiac Rehabilitation - Wellsville

Jones Memorial Hospital
191 North Main St​reet
Wellsville, NY 14895

Related Services & Conditions