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Heart Valve Disease

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What is Heart Valve Disease?

Your heart has four different valves that open to let blood pass and then close to keep blood from flowing in the wrong direction. Heart valve disease means something is wrong with one of these valves.

Some people are born with the condition, while others develop it later in life. Heart valves can malfunction in two ways:

  • The valve opening may be too small, so not enough blood can pass through. This is called “stenosis.”
  • The valve may not close completely, allowing blood to leak back through, a condition called “regurgitation.”

Symptoms of Heart Valve Disease

Some patients have no symptoms of heart valve disease, even in severe cases. Others may have symptoms even if their condition is not as serious. Symptoms can include:

  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Weakness during regular activities
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Discomfort in the chest
  • Palpitations or feeling that your heart has missed a beat
  • Swelling in ankles, feet or stomach
  • Sudden and unexplained weight gain

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UR Medicine's Treatments for Heart Valve Disease

The UR Medicine Advanced Heart Valve Center is solely focused on treating heart valve problems.

If heart valve disease is suspected, your doctor will listen for a heart murmur, which would suggest that a valve is not working correctly.

We use state-of-the-art testing technology to form the most accurate picture of your heart health possible. We’ll discuss all test results, treatment strategies, and decisions with your referring or primary care physician to make sure you get the treatment that’s right for you.

Our diagnostic methods include:

  • Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography with 3D imaging
  • Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
  • Multi-detector computed tomography with 3D reconstruction
  • Cardiac catheterization

For mild heart valve disease, you may only need to be monitored by your doctor periodically. Moderate heart valve disease can often be treated successfully with medication. Severe heart valve disease frequently requires surgery.

  • Heart valve repair involves using a patient's own tissue to fix the defective valve. UR Medicine Cardiac Care provides the most advanced procedures for heart valve repair, usually done through small incisions.
  • Heart valve replacement means putting in a new mechanism to replace a severely damaged valve. UR Medicine Cardiac Care offers the very latest options for heart valve replacement, including valves made from natural and artificial materials. These procedures are usually done through small incisions.

What Sets Us Apart?

We are the first program in the region to be recognized by the American College of Cardiology with its Transcatheter Valve Certification—the first outside the New York City area to earn this designation. This was achieved through a rigorous evaluation of our program's ability to demonstrate: 

  • Better care
  • Better prognoses
  • Better quality of life
  • Faster treatment
  • Better communication with patients and families

The UR Medicine Advanced Heart Valve Center was also the first in the region to perform some of the latest breakthrough procedures such as TAVR (transcatheter aortic valve replacement). 

We’re also one of the few programs in the country to have earned the Mitral Valve Repair Reference Center Award, with the American Heart Association. The designation recognizes hospitals and surgeons who have mastered complex mitral valve reconstruction and have consistently delivered high quality outcomes.

The Cardiac Care Valve Center offers the full range of treatments for heart valve disease, and our team of surgeons has extensive experience with minimally invasive procedures, which can be effective for many valve repair surgery patients—even the most challenging repairs. 

Mitral Value Repair Reference Center Award from the Mitral Foundation and the American Heart Association

2020 Mitral Valve Repair Reference Center Award

Certified Transcatheter Valve Center by the American College of Cardiology

Transcatheter Valve Certified by the American College of Cardiology


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We serve you in the Rochester metropolitan area and surrounding region.

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20 locations

Cardiac Care - Brighton

Clinton Crossings, Building G
2400 South Clinton Avenue, 1st Floor
Rochester, NY 14618

Cardiac Care - Dansville

Noyes Memorial Hospital
111 Cara Barton Street
Dansville, NY 14437

Cardiac Care - Canandaigua - Canandaigua

Thompson Professional Building
395 West Street, Suite 307
Canandaigua, NY 14424

Cardiac Care - Clifton Springs

Finger Lakes Cardiology
410 Clifton Springs Professional Park
Clifton Springs, NY 14432

Cardiac Care - Rochester

Highland Hospital
1000 South Avenue
Rochester, NY 14620

Cardiac Care - Irondequoit

999 East Ridge Road, Suite 1000
Rochester, NY 14621

Cardiac Care - Penfield

1835 Fairport Nine Mile Point Road, Suite 200
Penfield, NY 14526

Cardiac Care - Henrietta

Red Creek (Calkins Corporate Park)
600 Red Creek Drive, Suite 100
Rochester, NY 14623

Cardiac Care - Seneca Falls

Lifecare Medical Associates
1991 Balsley Road
Seneca Falls, NY 13148

Cardiac Care - Brockport

Strong West
156 West Avenue, 3rd Floor
Brockport, NY 14420

Cardiac Care - Wellsville

Jones Memorial Hospital
191 North Main Street
Wellsville, NY 14895

Cardiac Rehabilitation - Hornell

St. James Medical Office Building
7309 Seneca Road North, Suite 104
Hornell, NY 14843

Cardiac Rehabilitation Center - Brighton

Canal View Office Complex
140 Canal View Boulevard, Suite 104
Rochester, NY 14623

Paul N. Yu Heart Center - Rochester

Ambulatory Care Center at Strong Memorial Hospital
601 Elmwood Avenue, Ground Floor
Rochester, NY 14626

Cardiac Care - Brighton

140 Canal View Boulevard, Suite 102
Rochester, NY 14623

Cardiac Rehabilitation - Canandaigua

FF Thompson Hospital
350 Parrish Street
Canandaigua, NY 14424

Cardiac Rehabilitation - Wellsville

Jones Memorial Hospital
191 North Main St​reet
Wellsville, NY 14895

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