Loop Recorder Implantation
What is loop recorder implantation?
An implantable loop recorder (ILR) is a heart recording device. It's implanted in
the body under the chest skin. It has several uses. The most common ones include looking
for causes of fainting, palpitations, very fast or slow heartbeats, and hidden rhythms
that can cause strokes. Loop recorder implantation is considered a minor procedure.
For the procedure, your heart healthcare provider (cardiologist) places the small
device under your skin, in your chest wall, overlying the heart. The machine works
as an electrocardiogram (ECG). It constantly picks up electrical signals from your
heart and records anything abnormal. This can help identify heart rhythms that can
cause problems such as fainting.
Normally, a special group of cells initiate the electrical signal to start your heartbeat.
These cells are in the sinoatrial (SA) node. This node is in the upper right chamber
of your heart (right atrium). The signal quickly travels down your heart’s conducting
system to the ventricles. These are the 2 lower chambers of your heart. As it travels,
the signal triggers nearby parts of your heart to contract. This helps your heart
pump blood in a coordinated way.
Any disruptions to this signaling pathway may result in heart rhythm problems. These
might cause problems such as fainting and palpitations. An abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
may make your heart unable to pump as much blood as needed. If blood flow to your
brain is reduced for a short time, you may faint. When the rhythm returns to normal,
blood flow is restored and you normally regain consciousness.
An implantable loop recorder constantly records information about your electrical
activity, similar to an ECG. But an ILR can record heart rhythm for up to 3 years.
This is particularly useful if your arrhythmia doesn't occur often. An ILR is constantly
looping its memory. And it has automatic triggers to store recordings. It can also
be patient-activated to store recordings as well. If you fainted due to an arrhythmia,
the machine records this information before, during, and after the fainting. Then
a healthcare provider can look at the recordings to figure out the cause. Most current
ILRs have a home monitor that can send data to your healthcare provider.
Why might I need loop recorder implantation?
You might need an ILR if you have fainting episodes or palpitations, and other tests
haven't yet given you any answers. Each heart rhythm problem may need its own treatment.
It’s important to find out what kind of problem you may have, if any. Repeated fainting
can have a negative effect on your physical and emotional health. Also some kinds
of fainting greatly increase your chance for sudden death. These fainting episodes
require diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible. Once you're diagnosed, you may
need a pacemaker or an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). These could save
your life. You might also need a loop recorder if your healthcare provider wants to
look for very fast or slow heartbeats. These abnormal heartbeats can cause palpitations
or even lead to strokes.
Loop recorder implantation is often helpful if other tests haven’t found the cause.
Your healthcare provider is more likely to advise it if your heart rhythm is a likely
cause of your fainting. This is more common in older adults. It's also more common
in people with other heart problems. You're also more likely to need loop recorder
implantation if you are fainting often, but not enough for other kinds of heart rhythm
monitoring to detect your fainting. The loop recorder records for up to 3 years. So
over time your provider should be able to analyze your heart rhythms during a fainting
You also might need a loop recorder if you're an older adult with unexplained falls.
Or if you've had a stroke without a clear reason. Sometimes arrhythmias are responsible
for these conditions. Healthcare providers sometimes use it in people believed to
have epilepsy who haven't responded to medicine. In each case, the recorder can figure
out if an abnormal rhythm is the problem.
What are the risks of loop recorder implantation?
Most people have the procedure without any problems. But sometimes problems happen.
These might include:
Your own risks will depend on your age, your other health conditions, and other factors.
Ask your healthcare provider about any risks of the procedure for you.
How do I get ready for a loop recorder implantation?
Talk with your healthcare provider about what you should do to get ready for your
procedure. Follow any directions you're given for not eating or drinking before your
procedure. Follow your provider’s instructions about what medicines to take before
the procedure. Don’t stop taking any medicine unless your provider tells you to do
so. You might also need tests before the procedure, such as an ECG.
What happens during a loop recorder implantation?
Ask your healthcare provider about what to expect during your procedure. Normally,
you can expect the following:
You may be given medicine to help you relax.
A local anesthetic will be put on your skin to numb it.
Your healthcare provider will make a small cut (incision) in your skin. This is often
done in the left upper chest.
Your provider will then inject the device through the cut under the skin. The machine
is about the size of a flat AAA battery.
Your cut will be closed with glue, stitches, or possibly staples. A bandage will be
put on the area.
What happens after a loop recorder implantation?
Ask your healthcare provider about what to expect after your procedure. In most cases:
You'll be able to go home the day of the procedure.
You can ask for pain medicine if you need it.
You'll need someone to drive you home after the procedure.
It's important to keep the wound clean and dry for up to 5 days after the procedure.
This reduces the risk of infection.
You can return to normal after the procedure. But you may want to rest.
Tell your healthcare provider if you have bleeding or swelling at the insertion site.
All loop recorders come programmed to record certain fast and slow heart rates. But
they also come with a handheld activator that tells the loop recorder to save the
signals collected over a certain time. This is important. It can also help explain
if a fast or slow heartbeat isn't what's causing your problems. Someone will make
sure you know how to use your activator before you go home.
Talk with your heart healthcare provider first if another healthcare provider wants
you to get an MRI test. You can get an MRI with a loop recorder. But it may cause
your device to display a false reading.
You may keep your loop recorder for up to 3-4 years. When you no longer need it, you
may have it removed in a similar procedure.
Before you agree to the test or the procedure make sure you know:
The name of the test or procedure
The reason you are having the test or procedure
What results to expect and what they mean
The risks and benefits of the test or procedure
What the possible side effects or complications are
When and where you are to have the test or procedure
Who will do the test or procedure and what that person’s qualifications are
What would happen if you did not have the test or procedure
Any alternative tests or procedures to think about
When and how you will get the results
Who to call after the test or procedure if you have questions or problems
How much you will have to pay for the test or procedure