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Josephine K. Craytor, R.N., M.S., F.A.A.N.


Josephine K. Craytor, R.N., M.S., F.A.A.N., Professor Emeritus, was a member of the faculty of the Department of Nursing of the School of Medicine and Dentistry of the University of Rochester from 1957 to 1972. When the School of Nursing was established in 1972 Craytor was Associate Professor of Nursing, and Professor of Nursing from 1976 to 1978. From 1975 to 1978 she also served as Associate Director for Nursing of the University of Rochester Cancer Center. Craytor was one of the first nurses to implement the clinical nurse specialist role, and was a pioneer in the development of masters level education for clinical specialists. In 1970 she published the first programmed text in cancer care for nurses. As an oncology nurse, Craytor developed the role of nurse as an equal partner in the care of cancer patients. She was the wife of Russell Craytor, and the mother of two daughters.


Josephine Craytor was born in Xenia, Ohio, the eldest of three daughters in a mill-owning family. Following boarding school in North Carolina, she attended Western college in Oxford, Ohio from 1933 to 1935. She received her diploma in nursing from Cornell University-New York Hospital School of Nursing in 1938. She received a B.S. degree in 1946 and an M.S. in nursing education in 1960 from the University of Rochester. In 1961-62 she undertook post graduate work in educational programming from the University of Rochester's School of Education, and in 1973 she earned a certificate from the Medical Nurse Practitioner Program from the University's School of Nursing.

Craytor was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing in 1976, and has been the recipient of numerous awards, including the Alumni Award to Faculty from the University of Rochester, the Distinguished Service Award from the National American Cancer Society, the First Distinguished Alumnus Award from the School of Nursing, the Jacob Gitelman Award, and was awarded the first Honorary Life Member of the Oncology Nursing Society. She was a member of the American Nurses Association, the Oncology Nursing Society, the National League for Nursing, and numerous cancer and community groups. She has authored more than thirty publications, delivered hundreds of speeches, and traveled extensively as a recognized expert in the field of cancer nursing and education.

Organization of the Collection

Processing of the Craytor collection was initiated on 5 November 2001 and completed on 28 November 2001. The papers of Josephine Craytor are contained in nineteen boxes, and occupy 9 linear feet in the Library's Archives. The Craytor collection contains the professional papers of Josephine Craytor (1938-92). Of particular note are the original data, notes and reports on Craytor's research projects in the areas of team collaboration, cancer nursing, and continuing education for nurses. The collection also includes a group of journals (1957-72), correspondence, biographical information, speeches and publications, and miscellaneous subject files. Together, these papers provide remarkably thorough documentation of the development of Craytor's professional thinking and activities.

Original folder titles were retained, and the papers were arranged by subject in alphabetical order as follows:

  • Subject Files ( Boxes 1-18)
  • Photographs (Box 19)

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