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URSMD students continuously create this annotated bibliography as part of an independent research ethics elective. The goal of the elective is to allow the student to identify an ethics topic of interest and conduct substantive independent research on that topic under the guidance of faculty. By publishing this material on the Department of Health Humanities and Bioethics webpages, we hope to encourage and facilitate collaborative learning. While the material is not co-constructed in a wiki or blog format, our hope is that students will build upon the research of others and, over time, create a useful resource for students interested in ethical issues in medicine and health care. We have organized the content by topic and will continue to adjust the organization structure as students add to the collection. We welcome suggestions and comments.

Medical Education

Pain Management



Reproductive Health


To learn more about annotated bibliographies, including how to create one, see the following:


Literature, Arts and Medicine

The Literature, Arts and Medicine Database is an online bibliography of literary works, visual art and film relevant to medicine and medical education.

Medical History

Images from the History of Medicine is a database which provides access to the nearly 60,000 images in the prints and photograph collection of the History of Medicine Division (HMD) of the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM). The collection includes portraits, pictures of institutions, caricatures, genre scenes, and graphic art in a variety of media, illustrating the social and historical aspects of medicine.

History of the Health Sciences World Wide Web Links is a gateway into a wealth of internet links including such organizations as the American Association for the History of Medicine, a section on the history of diseases, and important figures in health from Galen to Jonas Salk.

Public Health and Social Justice

Public Health and Social Justice website contains articles, slide shows, syllabi, and other documents relevant to topics in public health and social justice. References for most of the information contained in the slide shows can be found in the accompanying articles.

This site is aimed at students, educators, and the general public. It grew out of recognition that medical, and even nursing and public health, schools tend to inadequately address the social, economic, environmental, human rights, and cultural contributors to health and disease. Some of the content also focuses on the health humanities and the history of medicine.

Five Question Protocol

The Five Question Protocol is an interactive website designed to enhance skills of observation in ways that can be translated to the clinical setting.