Research Studies Our current research focuses on the juvenile form of Batten disease (JNCL) due to mutations in the CLN3 gene, but we are also collecting data on other forms of Batten disease. Our overall goals are to provide better knowledge about the clinical manifestations of Batten disease, and to develop and test meaningful treatments for children with Batten disease. Our current research falls into 4 basic categories: Natural History. The goal is to better understand how Batten disease progresses, how different symptoms interact to cause disability, and to identify potential factors that are related to fewer symptoms or less disability. We developed the Unified Batten Disease Rating Scale (UBDRS) to evaluate the severity and rate of change in the main symptoms of juvenile Batten disease. The UBDRS allows us to quantitatively measure the clinical aspects of juvenile-onset Batten disease (JNCL), and to measure the effects of future therapies on JNCL symptoms. We are also expanding the UBDRS to evaluate other forms of Batten disease. Neurobehavioral and Neurocognitive Features. The goal of this research is to define the specific behavioral and cognitive features of Batten disease and to develop strategies to minimize the impact of these symptoms on the quality of life of patients and their families. Determinants of JNCL Severity. Our studies to date have demonstrated that some individuals with JNCL have a milder disease progression, while others have a more rapid disease progression. This variability does not seem to be due simply to different specific mutations in the CLN3 gene that causes JNCL. We are working to understand what factors do determine disease severity. One factor may be the sex of the individual, with females appearing to have a somewhat more rapid progression of disease (see publication by Cialone et al., 2012). Experimental Therapeutics. A major emphasis of our research is to design and carry out meaningful clinical trials of promising therapeutic agents in JNCL. We have worked closely with David Pearce, PhD at the Sanford Children’s Health Research Center and his laboratory on translational research in Batten disease. Results from his research on pre-clinical models of CLN3 disease are the basis for the first-ever controlled clinical trial in JNCL, now being conducted at the URBC. This research study, called the JUMP study, focuses on evaluating whether mycophenolate mofetil (also known as Cellcept) is safe and well tolerated in children with JNCL.