Careers in Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Positions by Required Education
Requires High School Education
- Courier: Picks up specimens from doctors’ offices and collection stations and delivers them to the main laboratories. Requires a good driving record and excellent customer service skills.
- Phlebotomist: Draws blood from patients and enters data into information systems. Requires relevant phlebotomy experience or completion of a formal phlebotomy training program. Interested candidates must have a steady hand and compassionate outlook. Further information about this career is available at www.collegesanddegrees.com
Two-Year College Degree Preferred (usually A.A.S.)
- Clinical Laboratory Support Technician: Receives lab test requisitions and specimens, checks for proper labeling and complete instructions, calls the requesting physician if further information is needed, enters data into information system. Requires accuracy and attention to detail.
Requires Two-Year College Degree (usually A.A.S.) and a New York State License
- Histotechnologist: Prepares tissue specimens for examination by pathologist. Operates processing and embedding equipment, uses microtomes to slice tissue that is embedded in paraffin or plastic blocks into thin transparent sections, mounts sections on glass slides, stains tissue on slides.
- For further information about this career visit the National Society for Histotechnology. Requires completion of a licensure qualifying degree program. Examples of such programs are offered at: Broome Community College (online), SUNY Cobleskill
- Medical/Clinical Laboratory Technician: Performs clinical laboratory testing under supervision and with a limited exercise of independent judgment. This can vary from the operation of highly-automated equipment to bench testing with manual preparation of solutions. Requires completion of a licensure qualifying degree program. Examples of such programs are offered at: Broome Community College (online), Monroe Community College. Learn more at the U.S. Department of Labor Clinical Laboratory Technology
Requires Four-Year College Degree (usually B.S.)
- Research Laboratory Technologist: Under the guidance of a principal investigator, sets up and carries out research laboratory experiments. Collects and analyses results. May involve work with laboratory animals. Requires background in biochemistry, molecular biology, or related field. Learn more at Science Career Magazine
Requires Four-Year College Degree (usually B.S.) and a New York State License
- Clinical/Medical Laboratory Technologist: performs clinical laboratory testing exercising independent judgment and responsibility. This can vary from the operation of highly-automated equipment to bench testing with manual preparation of solutions and analysis of results. Requires completion of a licensure qualifying degree program. Examples of such programs are offered at:
- Cytotechnologist: Examines Pap smears and other cell samples under the microscope looking for signs of cancer or other diseases. Further information about this career can be found by visiting the American Society for Cytotechnology. Requires completion of a licensure qualifying degree program. Examples of such programs are offered at:
- Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
- Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Requires Graduate Degree (usually M.S.)
- Laboratory Manager: Supervises and manages the business operations of the clinical laboratory. Requires a NYS license and experience in Clinical/Medical Technology and supervisory experience or a master’s degree in Business Administration.
- Pathologist Assistant: Assists pathologists with preparation and examination of specimens, including specimen dissection, photography, and gross description. Usually works in surgical pathology or autopsy pathology.
Requires Graduate Degree (usually Ph.D.)
Requires Medical Degree (M.D.) and Residency Training
- Pathologist: A medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis of human disease.
- Clinical pathologist: Evaluates blood, urine, and other non-tissue specimens. Includes related activities such as setting guidelines for blood transfusion practice.
- Anatomic pathologist: evaluates tissue specimens-heart, lung, brain, and so forth. Uses a microscope to examine prepared specimens.
- Forensic pathologist: Evaluates evidence to establish causes of death, particularly wrongful death; may be a medical examiner.
College of American Pathologists Online Career Center