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Pregnancy Complications

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What are Pregnancy Complications?

Any complications during pregnancy can be frightening. It is important to remember most pregnancy complications happen randomly, meaning they are not necessarily predictable or preventable. These complications are not your fault, but they may require additional care or treatment for you, your baby, or both. Problems during pregnancy can lead to a premature or complicated delivery. It’s important to work with a team that understands the possible complexity behind any complication.

Risk Factors For Pregnancy Complications

If you have a chronic health problem, you may be at higher risk for pregnancy complications. High-risk, pre-existing conditions include:
  • Heart disease
  • Thyroid disease
  • Epilepsy
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Gynecological cysts or tumors

There are also a variety of risk factors that can happen during pregnancy that could lead to a premature or complicated delivery:

  • Amniotic fluid imbalance 
  • Bleeding late in pregnancy
  • Cervical issues 
  • Gynecologic cysts or tumors
  • History of miscarriages
  • Maternal age younger than 17 or over 35
  • Multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets, additional multiples)
  • Placental abnormalities
  • Preeclampsia
  • Prior C-section
  • Severe morning sickness

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UR Medicine's Treatments for Pregnancy Complications

UR Medicine Maternal-Fetal Care takes a patient-centered approach to all pregnancies, including those with complications. Our goal is to prepare and inform you through every step of your journey. We have a method for managing every complication, common or rare, delivered through a care plan personalized to your needs.

What is Maternal-Fetal Medicine?

Maternal-fetal medicine is a subspecialty of obstetrics that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and on-going care of pregnant people who have a high risk of problems during pregnancy. This includes patients with a history of previous complicated pregnancies, chronic health conditions, or medical issues that arise unexpectedly.

A maternal fetal medicine specialist, also called a perinatologist, is specialized in high-risk pregnancy care, and has advanced expertise in ultrasound evaluation of the developing baby.

What is Maternal-Fetal Medicine Infographic

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Tests and procedures we offer include:

  • Fetal ultrasound
  • Fetal echocardiogram
  • Fetal MRI
  • Amniocentesis
  • Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
  • Fetal blood sampling and transfusion
  • Fetal bladder drainage
  • Fetal cyst drainage
  • Fetal shunt placement
  • Microarray analysis
  • Early fetal cardiovascular imaging (EFCI)

The three types of care that MFM typically provides include:

  1. Consultation: Discussion of a specific issue or condition and developing a plan. This may include ultrasound if the consultation is about a pregnancy or fetal condition.
  2. Co-management: Ongoing management of a specific condition with other health care professionals. Typically the goal is to allow delivery with that provider and health care team. 
  3. Transfer of care: Full transfer of care to the MFM team for both pregnancy care and delivery.

What Sets Us Apart?

Our multidisciplinary, high-risk obstetrics team has the clinical training and expertise to diagnose and treat the many factors that can lead to a premature or complicated delivery. Our experience in complex pregnancies makes us a leader in maternal and fetal health.

We specialize in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of maternal medical issues and concerns with fetal health and development. This expertise enables our physicians to focus on improved outcomes for both pregnant person and child. Our collaborative model ensures that you’re seen by the top experts and technicians in the fields of maternal-fetal medicine, genetics, ultrasound, and lactation.

Our physicians work with other specialists to provide complete care. Related fields include cardiology, genetics, internal medicine, endocrinology, rheumatology, pulmonary medicine, and psychiatry.

Maternal-Fetal Medicine Granted AIUM Accreditation 2021-2024


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We serve you in the Rochester metropolitan area and surrounding region.

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7 locations

Reproductive Genetics - Rochester
Part of Strong Memorial Hospital

Lattimore Medical Center
125 Lattimore Road, West Entrance, Suite 150
Rochester, NY 14620

Maternal-Fetal Medicine - Henrietta
Part of Strong Memorial Hospital

500 Red Creek Drive, Suite 210
Rochester, NY 14623

Maternal-Fetal Medicine - Rochester

Lattimore Medical Center
125 Lattimore Road, West Entrance, Suite 150
Rochester, NY 14620

Maternal-Fetal Medicine - Rochester
Part of Highland Hospital

Highland Perinatal Center
990 South Avenue, Suite 103
Rochester, NY 14620

Highland Women's Health - Rochester
Part of Highland Hospital

909 Culver Road
Rochester, NY 14609

Maternal-Fetal Medicine - Rochester
Part of Highland Hospital

Highland Perinatal Center
909 Culver Road
Rochester, NY 14609

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