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Research

Student Research

Meng Wang

Meng's research interests include cardiovascular epidemiology and clinical epidemiology. She is currently working on her PhD thesis which looks at the Influence of implantable cardioverter defibrillators on cardiac and mental health in patients with long QT syndrome. She is also working on some projects about air pollution and cardiovascular outcomes.

AnnaLynn Williams

AnnaLynn Williams is a doctoral candidate in Epidemiology. Her dissertation research focuses on cancer-related cognitive impairment in lymphoma survivors and potential biological mechanisms to explain these dysfunctions.

Faculty Research

Isabel Diana Fernandez, MD, MPH, PhD

  • eMoms of Rochester: Effect of electronic behavioral interventions to prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy and postpartum weight retention.
  • Development of mobile applications to deliver behavioral interventions to promote healthy diet in populations with low literacy and health literacy.
  • Dietary intake during pregnancy: integration of skill-based, food-focused nutrition education to prenatal care to promote the intake of foods rich in critical micronutrients, minerals, and omega-3 fatty acids..
  • Application of a systems approach to public health.

Yu Liu, Ph.D., M.P.H.

  • Multi-Component Intervention Packages for Chinese Men who Have Sex with Men (MSM) (China-MP3 Project)

In this project, we initiated collaboration with gay-friendly community based organizations and government to test efficacy of short message intervention and peer counseling on high-risk behavior change, linkage-to-care , antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation as well as retention among newly-diagnosed HIV-infected MSM in Beijing, China. We also use secondary data to assess determinants of sexual behaviors, HIV/STD infections as well as barriers and facilitators related to the HIV care continuum.

  • Tackling psychological stressors stemmed from stigmatization (HIV and homosexuality) among young black MSM for their enhanced HIV testing uptake and HIV care utilization

Young black MSM represent the subgroup of highest HIV prevalence and new HIV infections in the U.S., in the meantime, demonstrates suboptimal access to HIV-related services. In this project, we aim to gather pilot evidence by conducting a series of large scope systematic review and meta-analysis to elucidate the psychological stressor framework and to study how these evidences can be translated to the design of community-based, precision-oriented prevention intervention.

David Rich

New York State Energy Research & Development Authority

  • Have changes in air pollution levels and composition reduced the risks of myocardial infarction and fetal growth restriction in Rochester, New York? - An accountability study

This accountability study will assess if changes in the levels and composition of pollutants emitted from electricity generation and fuel combustion have a measurable health impact in western New York, using birth records for pregnant women and acute coronary syndrome records for men and women living in Monroe County from 2005 to 2016.

New York State Energy Research & Development Authority

  • “Impact of environmental policies and changes in air pollution levels, particle composition, and cause specific hospital admission rates”

This accountability study, done in collaboration with SUNY Albany, will assess if there have been changes to air pollution levels and composition across New York State over the past 10+ years, and whether there have been changes in the hospitalization rates for cardiovascular, respiratory, and neurologic diseases among New York State residents using the SPARCS dataset.

Health Effects Institute

Co PI With Mark Frampton

  • The Multicenter Ozone Study in Elderly Subjects (MOSES) 2: Impacts of personal and ambient concentrations of ozone and other pollutants on cardiovascular and pulmonary function

This study will utilize a completed multicenter controlled exposure study examining the acute cardiovascular effects of low level ozone exposures (70ppb and 120ppb versus clean air) in a panel of older exercising subjects, and evaluate whether ambient air pollutant concentrations impacted biomarker levels and whether they modified subjects’ biomarker responses to the controlled ozone exposures.

NIEHS Environmental Health Sciences Center - Pilot Project Program

Co PI With Philip Hopke

  • Development of a year around land use regression model (LUR) to predict hourly secondary pollutant concentrations at any location in Monroe County: Application in a study of ST-elevation myocardial infarction

This study will place air pollution monitors outside 50 homes across Monroe County, which will make hourly measurements of PM2.5 from June to September, 2017. We will then use these data, to develop a summer land use regression model, and use it to estimate the rate of ST-elevation myocardial infarction associated with LUR estimated PM2.5 concentrations in the previous few hours and days.

New York State Energy Research and Development Authority

  • Effects of ambient wood smoke exposure on the risk of myocardial infarction and biomarkers of systemic inflammation, coagulation, and thrombosis

This study examined the rate of ST-elevation myocardial infarction and change in cardiovascular biomarkers associated with LUR estimated and ambient black carbon (marker of traffic pollution) and Delta-C (marker of wood smoke pollution) concentrations in the previous few hours and days.

Chris Seplaki

  • Mechanisms of vulnerability and resilience in later life
  • Socioeconomic status and environment as determinants of population health
  • Simulation-based, dynamic models of family networks and demographic change
  • Development of complex systems models for the study of health in later life

Edwin Van Wijngaarden

  • Developmental effects of environmental exposure
  • Effects of environmental exposure on neurodegenerative disease