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Edema

EdimaEdema is swelling, reflective of fluid retention in and underneath the skin. The condition may be associated with:

  • Medical problems where the protein levels in the body are low, which can lead to fluid “leaking” out of the blood vessels
  • Problems with the veins such as blood clots, leaky valves in the veins, or increased pressure on the veins.
  • A heart problem

Edema can accompany many illnesses or surgeries that require patients to receive significant amounts of IV fluid.

Symptoms

  • Pain, redness at site of edema
  • Shortness of breath

Diagnostic Tests

Treatment

  • Elevation of the legs when seated
  • Compression stockings
  • Diuretics (water pills)
  • Evaluate for underlying causes that can be treated.

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