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Matters of the Heart

Matters of the Heart

As they age, men and women differ in one of the most significant aspects of life—matters of the heart. No, not the emotional side of the heart, but the physical side of heart health. For many women in the United States, menopause presents a range of recognized symptoms including hot flashes, weight gain, mood swings, and vaginal pain and dryness on intercourse. These changes can affect quality of life but seldom are lethal. More insidious are risks of breast cancer and osteoporosis. Yet, heart disease is THE leading cause of death among women in America.

What Does Estrogen Have To Do With Belly Fat?

What Does Estrogen Have To Do With Belly Fat?

No one likes belly fat since it usually is a reflection of overall elevated weight. Phrases like “pot belly,” “beer belly,” or “apple shaped” impact both our self‐image and our relationship to others. While genetics definitely has some effect, evolutionary forces are also at work here. Does the pattern of fat deposition suggest additional health risks? Why do women seem to preferentially gain belly fat during menopause?

Clarifying The Terms "Bioidentical Hormones" And "Compounded Hormones"

Clarifying The Terms "Bioidentical Hormones" And "Compounded Hormones"

The terms “bioidentical hormones,” “compounded hormones,” and “compounded bioidentical hormones” often are used improperly in conversations between care providers and patients. But the fact that these medications even exist is a tribute to the evolving story of hormone development.

Moods And Menopause

Moods And Menopause

There is definitely a hormonal component to our moods.  This should not surprise any woman who is entering or is in menopause. The menopause transition is characterized by an initial fluctuation of estradiol production by the ovaries, evidenced by irregular menstrual cycles, but followed by a sustained estradiol decline resulting in the end of menses.

Estrogen and Breast Cancer: A Love-Hate Relationship

Estrogen and Breast Cancer: A Love-Hate Relationship

What do the dates 1896 and 1935 have to do with breast cancer? They mark critical moments in clarifying the complex relationship between estrogen and breast cancer. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer mortality in the United States and Canada. Understanding its relationship to estrogen is critical for attributing cause and planning future therapies.