Structure and Function of Non-Coding RNAs in bacteria and HIV-1
Bacterial and viral infections pose grave threats to public health, and have reached epidemic proportions in some countries. Today’s physicians-in-training are likely to see chronic infections in their future medical practices, due to the emergence of drug resistance that continues to deplete the arsenal of antibiotics and antivirals once available for routine treatments. To revitalize this armamentarium, it is necessary to expand our knowledge of bacterial physiology and host defense with the goal of identifying novel therapeutic targets and strategies.
The Wedekind lab is working to understand RNA-mediated gene regulation by non-protein coding RNAs known as riboswitches, which hold promise as novel antibiotic targets. Although present in all domains of life, riboswitches are most prominent in bacteria where they can regulate as many as 5% of genes. An immediate goal of our research is to understand how these regulatory RNAs fold into complex three-dimensional structures that bind cognate small-molecule effectors to bring about gene “on” or gene “off” conformational states. Understanding riboswitch architecture is a first step toward the rational design of small molecules that can manipulate bacterial growth and virulence.
We are also investigating the use of lab-evolved proteins to control HIV-1 transcription by examining how variants of the U1A protein bind to the viral trans-activation response element (TAR) RNA. Our goal is to understand the basis of TAR RNA recognition by a peptide scaffold with the goal of exploiting this platform to develop a novel class of antiviral therapeutics.
Our lab utilizes a broad range of biophysical, biochemical, and computational approaches. We are also highly collaborative. We are currently funded by research grants from the National Institutes of Health/NIGMS (R01 GM063162 & R01 GM123864), and NIH/NCRR award S10 RR026501 for X-ray instrumentation housed in the Structural Biology and Biophysics Facility.