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Research focuses on public health, clinical and biological issues in breastfeeding and breast milk management, and uses methods ranging from analyses of existing datasets to primary data collection, randomized clinical trials, cohort studies, complex study designs, quality improvement, and qualitative analyses. The goal of these studies is to improve:

  • Breastfeeding and community health outcomes through more effective health care services
  • Access to high quality, specific, and specialized breastfeeding care for vulnerable populations
  • The financing, organization, and delivery of healthcare services to breastfeeding families
  • Breast milk composition, quality, programming, and signaling

Sample Research & Presentations

Michele Burtner, M.S.

Sample Presentations

  1. OBGYN Grand Rounds. Early Postpartum Initiation of Progesterone Contraception: Breastfeeding through the Lens of Maternal and Infant Outcomes. Strong Memorial Hospital, Rochester, NY.

Casey Rosen-Carole, M.D., M.P.H., M.S.Ed., F.A.B.M., I.B.C.L.C.

Current Grants: A Pilot Test to Evaluate the Effect of Maternal Stress on Breastmilk Quantity and Stress Biomarkers in Mothers and Their Infants

Sample Publications

  1. Rosen-Carole C, Allen K, Fagnano M, Dozier A, Halterman J. Mother’s concerns for personal safety and privacy while breastfeeding: an unexplored phenomenon. Breastfeeding Medicine 2018: 13(3) 181-8.
  2. Rosen-Carole C, Auinger P, Howard C, Brownell E, Lanphear B. Low-Level Prenatal Toxin Exposures and Breastfeeding Duration: A Prospective Cohort Study. Maternal Child Health Journal 2017;21(12):2245-2255.
  3. Rosen-Carole CB. Medical Directors of Breastfeeding Programs at Academic Medical Centers: Duties and Challenges. Breastfeed Medicine 2017 Jan/Feb;12:58-62.

Sample Presentations

  1. Jan 2019. OBGYN Grand Rounds. Gazing at the mother: nutrition, treatment, home. Rochester Regional Health, Rochester, NY. Rosen-Carole CB.
  2. Nov 2018. Community Lecture. Ethics and Breastfeeding #3: Breastfeeding in the context of Substance Use: Ethical Considerations in Counseling Patients. 1.5h interactive lesson. Rochester Regional Breastfeeding Coalition. St. Mary’s Hospital, Rochester, NY. Rosen-Carole CB.
  3. Nov 2018. Poster Presentation. Breastfeeding Without Nursing: risk factors and reasons for feeding breastmilk by bottle only. La Leche League Regional Meeting, Syracuse, NY. Martin H*, Dozier A, Rosen-Carole CB.

Ann Dozier, Ph.D.

Current Grants: Community Partnership for Breastfeeding Promotion and Support: Creating System Change; Maternal Infant Health Center of Excellence (to serve over 40 programs in NYS providing services to at-risk women of childbearing age)

Sample Research

  1. Jusko, T. A.; Oktapodas, M.; Palkovicova Murinova, L.; Babinska, K.; Babjakova, J.; Verner, M. A.; DeWitt, J. C.; Thevenet-Morrison, K.; Conka, K.; Drobna, B.; Chovancova, J.; Thurston, S. W.; Lawrence, B. P.; Dozier, A. M.; Jarvinen, K. M.; Patayova, H.; Trnovec, T.; Legler, J.; Hertz-Picciotto, I.; Lamoree, M. H.;. "Demographic, Reproductive, and Dietary Determinants of Perfluorooctane Sulfonic (PFOS) and Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) Concentrations in Human Colostrum". Environ.Sci.Technol. 2016; 50(13): 7152-7162.
  2. Linares A.M.; Rayans M.K.; Dozier A.M.; Wiggans A.; Dignan M.B. "Factors Influencing Exclusive Breastfeeding at Four Months Postpartum among Hispanic Mothers". J Hum Lact. 2015; : [Epub ahead of print].
  3. Brownell, E. A.; Lussier, M. M.; Dozier, A. M.; Howard, C. R.; Fisher, S. G.; Duckett, J. W.; Lawrence, R. A.; Fernandez, I. D.;. "The discordance between planned use and actual receipt of immediate postpartum depot medroxyprogesterone among low-income women". Breastfeed Med. 2014; 9(6): 290-293.

Kirsi Jarvinen-Seppo, M.D., Ph.D.

Current Grants: Development of Mucosal and Systemic Immunity and Risk of Food Allergy; Impact of Breast Milk on Infant Gut Microbiome

Sample Research

  1. Seppo AE, Kukkonen AK, Kuitunen M, Savilahti E, Yonemitsu C, Bode L, Järvinen KM. Association of Maternal Probiotic Supplementation With Human Milk Oligosaccharide Composition. JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Jan 22. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4835. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.
  2. Rajani PS, Seppo AE, Järvinen KM. Immunologically Active Components in Human Milk and Development of Atopic Disease, With Emphasis on Food Allergy, in the Pediatric Population. Front Pediatr. 2018 Aug 7;6:218. doi: 10.3389/fped.2018.00218. eCollection 2018. Review.
  3. Järvinen KM. Variations in Human Milk Composition: Impact on Immune Development and Allergic Disease Susceptibility. Breastfeed Med. 2018 Apr;13(S1):S11-S13. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2018.29075.kjs. No abstract available.

Sample Presentations

  1. Oct 2018. Multi-component characterization of breast milk "glycotypes" in populations at high- or low-risk for allergic diseases. International Society for Research on Human Milk and Lactation, Kanagawa, Japan.
  2. May 2018. State of the art of food allergy with special focus on cow’s milk protein allergy. European Society on Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition 2018 annual conference. Invited symposium talk. Geneva, Switzerland.
  3. Apr 2018. Old Order Mennonite Lifestyle is Associated with Low Prevalence of Pediatric Food Allergy and a Robust Mucosal IgA Production. In-FLAME Conference, Banff, AB, Canada.
  4. Sep 2017. Human milk bioactives and development of food allergy in infants. Seminar. Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research. Davos, Switzerland.
  5. Sep 2017. Variations in human milk composition – Impact of immune development and allergic disease susceptibility. 5th Annual Conference on Human Milk Science and Innovation. Invited Talk. Pasadena, CA.

Bridget Young, Ph.D.

Current Grants: Developmental Infant Effects of Exposure to High Doses of Oral Insulin in Human Milk

Sample Research

  1. Young BE, Borman L, Heinrich R, Long J, Pinney S, Westcott J, Krebs N. Energy, nutrient and hormone concentrations in donor human milk pools vary with pooling practices and time post-partum. Revisions Under Review – Journal of Pediatrics; February, 2019.
  2. Cohen S, Alexander D, Krebs N, Young BE, Cabana M, Erdmann P, Hays N, Bezold C, Levin-Sparenberg, Turini M, Saavedra J. Factors associated with breastfeeding initiation and continuation: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Pediatrics. 2018; 203: 190-196.
  3. Young BE, Palmer C, Reynolds R, Rudolph M, MacLean P, Hernandez T, Friedman J, Krebs N. Bioactive Components in Human Milk are Differentially Associated with Rates of Lean and Fat Mass Deposition in Infants of Normal Weight versus Overweight Mothers. Pediatric Obesity. 2018; 13 (10): 598-606.
  4. Young BE, Patinkin Z, Palmer C, de La Houssaye B, Barbour L, Hernandez T, Friedman J, Krebs NF. Human Milk Insulin is Related to Maternal Plasma Insulin and BMI - But other Components of Human Milk do not Differ by BMI. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 2017, 71 (9): 1094-1100.

Sample Presentations

  1. Engaging with Diverse Stakeholders to Better Serve Modern Mothers and Infants. Breastfeeding and the Origins of Health: Interdisciplinary Perspectives and Priorities. NIH R24-funded workshop. Winnipeg, CA.
  2. Variation in Human Milk Hormonal and Nutrient Composition: Considerations for Donor Milk Pooling. Symposium; Human Milk Banking Association of North America (HMBANA) Annual Meeting.