UR Medicine is a proud participant in the Stop Sports Injury Campaign. To help keep kids in the game for life, STOP (Sports Trauma and Overuse Prevention) targets the sports that have the highest rates of overuse and trauma injuries. The development of STOP (Sports Trauma and Overuse Prevention) Sports Injuries was initiated by the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM).
Although field hockey is classified as a non-contact sport, acute injuries may result from contact with a stick, the ball, another player or the playing surface or goal cage.
The most common injuries in women's field hockey include:
Hand and wrist injuries
Because field hockey is played in a semi-crouched position with the right hand placed low on the stick, the hands and fingers are extremely vulnerable to injury from contact with the ball or an opponent's stick. Hand fractures, especially in the fingers are common.
Accidental contact with a ball or an opponent's stick may result in injury to the face. While the majority of these injuries are minor cuts and bruises, more severe injuries such as facial fractures, penetrating eye injuries, and broken teeth have been reported.
Ankle sprains are the most frequent injury in sports. Inversion-type ankle sprains have been estimated to comprise roughly 15 percent of all injuries sustained during field hockey participation.
Knee injuries, including anterior cruciate ligament (ACL ) tears, are very common, as are muscle strains, particularly of the quadriceps and hamstrings.
Concussions represent approximately 7 percent of all injuries sustained during field hockey competitions. Dizziness and confusion are the most common symptoms of a concussion, although longer-term issues such as headache, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating may also occur.
While acute injuries are often more dramatic in nature, chronic injuries comprise a significant number of injuries. Chronic injuries such as low back pain, tendinitis of the hip, knee or ankle, and stress fractures of the leg and foot, typically result from repetitive activity and overuse. Learn more about overuse injuries.
With any injury, participation should be stopped until an assessment is made by a qualified health professional. For minor injuries, treatment usually includes rest, ice, and elevation.
Other injuries may be more serious and may require additional evaluation with X-rays or an MRI and a longer period of rest combined with supervised rehabilitation and a gradual return to play as symptoms permit. All head injuries should be thoroughly evaluated. Athletes should return to play only after appropriate physician evaluation, and only when completely symptom free.
As we learn more about the types of injuries that most commonly occur in field hockey, it is possible to design and implement strategies targeted to injury prevention.
Tips to prevent field hockey injuries include:
Dick R, Hootman JM, Agel J et al. "Descriptive Epidemiology of Collegiate Women's Field Hockey Injuries: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System, 1988-1989 through 2002-2003." Journal of Athletic Training. 2007; 42(2): 211-220.
Murtagh K. "Injury patterns among female field hockey players." Medicine and Science in Sports & Exercise. 2001; 33(2): 201-207.
Murtagh K. "Field Hockey Injuries." Current Sports Medicine Reports. 2009; 8(5) 267-272.
Field Hockey History and Tradition. Available at: usafieldhockey.com (accessed 3/31/2011).
The following expert consultants contributed to the tip sheet:
Cordelia W. Carter, MD
Mininder S. Kocher, MD, MPH