Research The University of Rochester has one of the largest research programs for individuals with autism spectrum disorder in the United States. In NDBP, we conduct studies aimed directly at improving the lives of these individuals and their families. Teams of experienced Clinician-Scientists, along with dedicated Study Coordinators and Research Assistants, work together on investigations that are supported by the National Institutes of Health, private foundations such as Autism Speaks and other organizations. In collaboration with other scientists at the university and throughout the United States, our investigations have elucidated possible causes and characteristics of Autism and other Intellectual Disabilities, identified effective treatments for individuals affected by these disorders, and improved standards of medical care. Long-running studies by our faculty and international colleagues document effects of exposure to methylmercury on child development. We are actively seeking to make further advances in these areas with the benefit of multiple research awards that we have received from the National Institutes of Health, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau and private foundations such as Autism Speaks. Research Findings Evidence-Based Research The terms "evidence-based treatment" and "evidence-based practice" are often confused. Evidence-based treatments (EBTs) are interventions that have been proven effective through rigorous research methodologies. Evidence-based practice (EBP) refers to a decision-making process which integrates the best available research, clinician expertise, and client characteristics to inform treatment planning and progress monitoring, in order to improve the quality of clinical judgments and facilitate cost-effective care. Current Research Activities Autism Spectrum Disorders Effects of Methylmercury Exposure (Seychelles Child Development Study) Care Coordination: Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental Disabilities (LEND) Human Behavior Assessment Core Clinical Trials Clinical trials are tests of the safety and effectiveness of new interventions. Learn more about Children and Clinical Studies. See clinical trials for children with developmental disabilities in the Clinical Trials Database.