Skip to main content

UR Medicine


Dementia & Mild Cognitive Impairment

box of black and white portraitsWhat is mild cognitive impairment (MCI)?

Mild cognitive impairment is an early stage of memory loss or change in cognitive functioning.  Mild cognitive impairment is serious enough for people to notice but does not severely impact the ability of a person to carry out activities of daily living. Some individuals with MCI may go on to develop Dementia while others may not.   (adapted from

What is dementia?

Dementia is a general term used when individuals experience loss of memory, language, problem solving and other thinking abilities.  The most common form of Dementia is Alzheimer’s Disease (adapted from

Speech-Language Pathology Evaluation & Therapy

Speech-Language Pathologists (SLP) have specialty training in evaluating individuals with cognitive impairments and memory.   Evaluations include a detailed interview to determine how MCI or Dementia are impacting a person’s daily communication and activities of daily living.  Specific informal and formal tests may be used to further specify strengths and areas of need.

Treatment includes person centered, evidence-based approaches to support communication and foster improved daily living.  Direct treatment approaches along with environmental modifications and compensatory strategies are incorporated into speech, language and cognitive therapy sessions.

Links for Additional Information


  • Hickey, E. M., & Douglas, N. F. (2021). Person-Centered Memory and Communication Interventions for Dementia: A Case Study Approach. Plural Publishing.