Curriculum The curriculum we recommend includes a small set of required graduate level courses to provide broad training in cell biology, biochemistry, and molecular genetics, as well as opportunities to obtain specialized advanced training in areas closely related to the student's interests. The curriculum is designed to be flexible so that the student can choose from the broadest possible selection of research opportunities at the University of Rochester. We anticipate that many of the students choosing to work within this cluster will elect Ph.D. training in Pharmacology or Physiology; however, the flexibility of our recommended curriculum allows requirements for other degree programs to be accommodated. Pharmacology or Physiology Ph.D. Degree Requirements Required Courses IND 408, Adv. Biochemistry (5 credits) IND 409, Cell Biology (4 credits) IND 410, Molecular Biology (4 credits) IND 501, Ethics in Research (1 credit) PHP 403, Human Cell Physiology (4 credits) PHP 404, Principles of Pharmacology (4 credits) PHP 502, Colloquium Series (4 credits) Elective Courses (at least 6 credit hours) IND 447/PHP 447, Signal Transduction (4 credits) PHP 440, Topics in Vascular Biology (2 credits) PHP 550, Ion Channels and Disease (2 credits) MBI 473, Immunology (3 credits) NSC 525, Biology of Neurological Diseases (3 credits) BST 463, Introduction to Biostatistics (4 credits) PTH 507, Cancer Biology (3 credits) PTH 509, Pathways to Human Disease I (4 credits) PTH 510, Pathways to Human Disease II (4 credits) PTH 571, Molecular Basis of Disease (3 credits) CVS 401, Cardiovascular Biology and Disease (3 credits) Other Requirements Three laboratory rotations; one elective in 2nd year Students will do three rotations during any of four possible time slots: October 1-December 15, January 1-March 15, April 1-June 15, or July 1-August 31. Preliminary Examination No preliminary examination required. Qualifying Examination Qualifying exam should be completed before December 1 of 3rd year. 2nd Year Second-year courses relate to specific degree programs and will be selected from a menu of in-depth electives that will allow each student to tailor his or her area of study to material relevant to their research interests.