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New issue of Opportunities to Explore, July 15-19, 2019

Monday, July 15, 2019

The new issue of opportunities to explore is out now!

Read The July 15-19, 2019 Issue

Congratulations MJ

Thursday, July 11, 2019

Bone Quality Matrix DiagramAfter successfully defending his thesis, MJ has completed the PhD portion of his MD/PhD studies. MJ’s studies investigated the genetic basis of bone-matrix quality, an underappreciated property of bone that contributes significantly to bone strength and is of great clinical importance for understanding of bone pathology such as osteoporosis. MJ used both a classical population genetics approach as well as a systems genetics approach, and found that bone matrix characteristics such as morphology and matrix composition are indeed inheritable properties. In addition, using an estrogen-deficient model of post-menopausal bone loss, he was able to identify gene networks that may play an important role in osteoporosis.  His results suggest that bone matrix quality is influenced by genetics and participates in maintaining tissue-level mechanical properties. Furthermore, identifying putative regulatory genes is clinically significant as they are presumptive targets for developing novel therapeutics. During his thesis work, MJ was the recipient of a CTSI Pilot Trainee Grant and scored a fundable F31 predoctoral fellowship from NIAMS. With his GDSC doctorate in hand MJ will return to medical school to obtain his M.D.  Best of luck in your future ventures, MJ!!

Scott Friedland Defends Thesis

Thursday, July 11, 2019

This week M.D./Ph.D. student Scott Friedland defended his doctoral thesis. Arriving at the GDSC in 2014, Scott pursued his Ph.D. under the mentorship of Dr. Aram Hezel. As a student Scott was granted travel awards to a national physician scientist conference and selective course at Cold Spring Harbor Labs. His thesis, titled Arid1a, a subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, is a barrier to KrasG12D-driven tumorigenesis, studied the role of SWI/SNF, a chromatin remodeling complex, in pancreatic function and disease, which has implications for the fields of cancer and developmental biology. These findings may, in time, impact the treatment of diseases such as pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. Scott will be reinitiating his medical education alongside the class of 2021 here at the University of Rochester School of Medicine, and is interested in pursuing a career as an oncologist and cancer researcher. Congratulations Dr. Scott Carl Friedland!

Scott Friedland Defends Thesis | Scott at Poster Session

New issue of Opportunities to Explore, July 8-12, 2019

Monday, July 8, 2019

The new issue of opportunities to explore is out now!

Read The July 8-12, 2019 Issue

New Issue of Opportunities to Explore - July 1-5, 2019

Friday, June 28, 2019

The new issue of opportunities to explore is out now!

Read The July 1-5, 2019 Issue

SMD Ambassador Program

Application Closes Friday, July 5th

The SMD Office of Academic Development and Alumni Relations is seeking applications from both SMD graduate students and postdocs to serve as ambassadors for SMD.  The URSMD Ambassadors Program develops relationships and fosters pride between current trainees and University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry alumni through events, programs, tours, volunteering and more. In addition to increasing student/trainee presence at alumni events, the program educates current trainees about the variety of professional opportunities available in Biomedical and Health Sciences. Trainees interested should complete the short application form online by Friday, July 5th. This is a great opportunity to highlight additional leadership and involvement experience to future supervisors and employers on your CV/resume.

For complete information on the Ambassador Program, please visit https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/smd/alumni/stay-connected/ambassador-program.aspx.

Study Points to Stabilization of TRAF3 Protein to Fight Age-Related Bone Loss

Wednesday, June 26, 2019

A new study led by Brendan Boyce, M.B.Ch.B.., professor of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine and the Center for Musculoskeletal Research and Zhenqiang Yao, MD., Ph.D., assistant professor of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine suggests that age-related osteoporosis could be prevented or treated through pharmacologic stabilization of the protein, TNF receptor-associated factor 3 (TRAF3).

The collaborative study was published in Nature Communications after five years of work by Boyce and fellow URMC researchers who note the need to better understand the mechanisms through which osteoporosis occurs in order to develop new drugs that can be given to help prevent or reverse the disease.

The study notes that the process by which young, healthy peoples’ bones are naturally rebuilt, deteriorates as people age or go through menopause. Increased inflammation, or inflammaging, leads to an increase in bone-degrading osteoclast cells and a reduction in bone-forming osteoblasts, resulting in osteoporosis.

Existing treatments that prevent bone destruction offer long term solutions, but many patients are reluctant to take them because they fear side effects of the drugs, while bone forming drugs can be administered only for short periods to help patients suffering from chronic osteoporosis.

The paper shows that the protein, TGF-beta, which is released in increasing amounts from bone during aging, causes breakdown of TRAF3 in osteoblast precursor mesenchymal progenitor cells. This leads to a reduction in the number of osteoblasts and less bone repair and indirectly to increased numbers of osteoclasts and more bone destruction.

By stabilizing TRAF3 levels in bone cells through new drugs, the authors provide a novel mechanism for how treatments may offer a more long-term solution for patients. This is especially crucial as more people live longer and are exposed to a greater risk of fractures and early death.

Lemonade Stand Supports Efforts to Cure Childhood Cancer

Friday, June 21, 2019

For the 10th year in a row, Danielle Benoit, associate professor of biomedical engineering, and mentees from her lab will hold their fundraiser in support of Alex’s Lemonade Stand Foundation and its efforts to cure childhood cancer. You can donate online or drop by the lab’s lemonade stand from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. Saturday, June 22, at the Rochester Public Market, 280 Union Street North or from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Sunday, June 23, at the Brighton Farmers Market,1150 Winton Road South.

Liwei Wang, Ph.D. Graduate of the Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology and Physiology PhD Program won the Fenn Award for best thesis

Thursday, June 20, 2019

Drs. Libby, Yule and Wang with the Fenn AwardLiwei Wang, Ph.D. Graduate of the Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology and Physiology PhD Program won the Fenn Award for best thesis, the award was presented at the 2019 Commmencement Dinner by Richard Libby, Senior Associate Dean for Graduate Education and Postdoctoral Affairs following an introduction from Dr. Wang's faculty mentor, Dr. David Yule.

The award was for Dr. Wang's thesis, entitled "Region-specific Proteolysis Differentially Regulates Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate Receptor Activity " Dr. Wang is currently a Postdoctoral Fellow in the laboratory of Prof. Stefan Feske at NYU, Langone Medical School. His current research involves investigating the role of ion channels in immunological tolerance and immunity.

About the Award

Dr. Wallace Fenn was a Professor of Physiology at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry from 1924 to 1961. He served as the Chairperson of the Department of Physiology from 1924 to 1959 and thereafter until his death in 1971, he was appointed by the University to the position of Distinguished University Professor of Physiology. As well, Dr. Fenn served as the Associate Dean of Graduate Studies from 1957 to 1959.

To read more regarding this award, please visit the department of Biochemistry and Biophysics website.

A Graphic Design Revolution For Scientific Conference Posters

Tuesday, June 18, 2019

“Other templates didn't necessarily ask you to think about what you were putting on them because they allowed it all,” says Derek Crowe, a PhD student in biomedical genetics in Hucky Land's lab with a former career in visual communication and design, “In order to use Mike's layout though, my hand is forced.”

With the new template, scientists need to think about their core message, but some people have a difficult time figuring out how to do that, or how to use visuals to present their message. Without proper science communication training, even a better poster template doesn’t work.

Crowe has taken matters into his own hands. Not only does he teach a course on visual communication for scientists at the University of Rochester, but he also shared his poster design tips online. In a nod to Morrison’s “better poster”, Crowe’s is a “butter poster”. He provides step by step instructions on how to organize the poster, and how to think about the content in a visual way.

“Like the graphic novel did for literature, visual languages have the power to add more dimensions to scientific storytelling,” says Crowe, “I’m excited to see what happens as the greater science community begins to take advantage of well-established visual storytelling tools.”

Read More: A Graphic Design Revolution For Scientific Conference Posters

Romeo Blanc Receives Multiple Awards From the International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR)

Thursday, June 13, 2019

Romeo

 

Romeo Blanc postdoctoral fellow in the Chakkalakal Lab was the recent recipient of the Podium presentation, Travel award, and Merit Awards from the International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR) for the upcoming annual meeting in Los Angeles CA, June 26 – June 30, 2019.

The first award, called Travel Award came from the ISSCR itself and covers registration+cash award. The second award, called Abstract Merit Award is made to highlight some outstanding selected abstract which is chosen by ISSCR as well.

Congratulations Romeo!

CMPP Students Host Guest Speaker Dr. Ehsan Sarafraz-Yazdi

Tuesday, June 11, 2019

To fortify the involvement of graduate students in academic affairs, the Department of Pharmacology and Physiology (CMPP) hosted student nominated guest speaker: Dr. Ehsan Sarafraz-Yazdi, Ph.D., M.P.H., Founder and CEO of NomoCan Pharmaceutials, LLC. Dr. Yazdi was nominated by PhD candidate Edward Ayoub and chosen by CMPP graduate students to spend a day at URMC. During his visit, Dr. Yazdi connected with faculty and students, and presented a seminar highlighting a new microfluidic system to study anti-cancer drug responses ex-vivo. Dr. Yazdi also shared his vision and inspiration to start his own pharmaceutical company at a URBEST Career Story hosted by Dr. Tracey Baas. CMPP will continue to host a student-nominated guest speaker annually.

Left to right: Lily Cisco, Dr. Ehsan Yazdi, Edward Ayoub, Kai Ting Huang, Alexander Milliken, Matthew Rook

Left to right: Lily Cisco, Dr. Ehsan Yazdi, Edward Ayoub, Kai Ting Huang, Alexander Milliken, Matthew Rook

New Issue of Opportunities to Explore - June 10-14

Friday, June 7, 2019

The new issue of opportunities to explore is out now!

Read The June 10-14, 2019 Issue

Upcoming Event

(*) URBEST Career Story: Annabelle Kleist

Wednesday, June 19 | 10:00 am-11:00 am | CEL 2-7544, URMC
Dr. Kleist is currently the Director of Teen Health and Success Partnership at the Center for Community Health & Prevention at the University of Rochester. Her career path will be of interest to MANY and she can speak about being the Chief of Staff for CORE Districts, a collaboration of school districts in California, and provided program management and grant writing support for ARCHES, a hub for regional education collaborations; a Freelance Editor to the PLOS Biology Editorial Board; and a Science and Technology Policy Fellow with the California Counsel of Science and Technology. There will be bagels, scones, coffee and tea!

Upcoming Thesis Defenses

Friday, June 7, 2019

Rebeckah Burke, chemistry, “Colloidal Semiconductor Nanocrystals for Photocatalytic Proton Reduction.” 10 a.m. June 11, 2019. 108 Goergen Hall. Advisor: Todd Krauss.

Philipp Birklbauer, mathematics, Theoretical and Computational Explorations in Vector Spaces Over Finite Fields.” 2:30 p.m. June 12, 2019. Hylan 1106A. Advisor: Alex Iosevich.

Molly McCann, epidemiology, “Degree of Bystander-Patient Relationship and Prehospital and Emergency Department Care for Opioid Overdose.” 10 a.m. June 14, 2019. Helen Wood Hall | 1W 502. Advisor: Todd Jusko.

Jie Luo, biology, “The Role of Androgen Receptor in Different Prostate Cancer Therapies.” 12:30 p.m. June 14, 2019. Room 2-6424 Medical Center. Advisor: Chawnshang Chang.

GDSC Student, Tom O’Connor Earns First Place in 2019 Sharing Your Science in A Social World Contest.

Monday, June 3, 2019

Finishing his first year of GDSC studies on a high-note, Tom O’Connor (member of the Chakkalakal & Dirksen Labs) together with his teammate Griffin Schroeder, have won first place in the 2019 ‘Sharing Your Science in A Social World’ contest. Sponsored by URBEST, this contest encourages students to communicate their research to a broad audience using videography. For their entry, imbedded above, Tom and Griffin emphasized the work being done in the Noble Lab, where Tom worked during his first rotation. The video, URBEST 2019: Translational Science, highlights how the Noble Lab sets itself apart by re-purposing FDA approved drugs for different clinical applications, expediting the bench-to-clinic transition.  

Congratulations Tom and Griffin!

Latest Issue of Opportunities to explore - March 20-24, 2019

Monday, May 20, 2019

The new issue of opportunities to explore is out now!

Read The May 20-24, 2019 Issue

Upcoming Event

(*) CPD Sponsored Event: LinkedIn Head Shot Photography Event for SMD Trainees (Save the Date)

Tuesday, June 4 | 8:00 am -5:00 pm | Louise Slaughter Conference Room (1-9555), URMC
Take your LinkedIn profile to the next level with a professional headshot from photographer by Fon Sakulsurarat and her team. Registration for this event will open soon. This event is open to SMD graduate students and postdoctoral appointees only.

Imaging That Twinkle in Your Eye: Assessing Vascular Health by Imaging Blood Cells in the Retina

Tuesday, May 14, 2019

Schallek

Jesse B. Schallek, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Department of Ophthalmology, describes a new, noninvasive approach to assess vascular health in the journal eLife. Schallek’s lab, part of the Flaum Eye Institute, developed a method to visualize how single blood cells flow through vessels of the eye using adaptive optics imaging.

The transparency of the eye provides a natural window to the retina, an extension of the brain. Vascular physiology is best studied noninvasively inside the living body, but seeing the details of how microscopic blood cells interact within the vasculature has not been possible with current tools such as fMRI. Schallek’s team developed high-resolution adaptive optics combined with fast camera capture to visualize single-cell blood flow dynamics in the living mouse eye.

“We’re able to image single blood cells and measure their speed. Remarkably, this can be achieved in vessels of all sizes, from the smallest capillaries to the largest retinal vessels,” said Schallek. “This approach may eventually provide a view of patient vascular health without the need for blood draws or dyes.

Krystel Huxlin, Ph.D., Associate Chair for research in the Department of Ophthalmology adds, “This method has the potential to enable early diagnosis of cardiovascular disease and diabetic neuropathy, and will also be of interest to investigators studying blood flow in the context of stroke and neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s.

The study was conducted in large part by Optics graduate students Aby Joseph and Andres Guevara-Torres. “My research interest involves using my physics/optics background to provide insights into biological questions,” said lead-author Joseph. “This paper, at the intersection of physical sciences and neuroscience, provides a novel and noninvasive imaging approach that may advance our understanding of blood flow dynamics in brain and retinal vessels smaller than the width of a human hair.

Schallek’s team, part of the Advanced Retinal Imaging Alliance (ARIA), is now deploying the method in healthy human eyes to establish metrics that will enable researchers to better elucidate the events that initiate and propagate disease. A pre-clinical investigation, funded by the Dana Foundation, is beginning to use this powerful approach to compare what happens in normal and diabetic retinas of human subjects. Schallek holds secondary appointments in the Department of Neuroscience and the Center for Visual Science. The research was funded by the National Eye Institute at the National Institutes of Health and by a Career Development Award from Research to Prevent Blindness.

Latest Issue of Opportunities to explore - May 13-17, 2019

Monday, May 13, 2019

The new issue of opportunities to explore is out now!

Read The May 13-17, 2019 Issue

Upcoming Deadline

SMD Graduate Student Town Hall - Submit Questions by Monday, May 20th

Join us on Monday, June 3 from 1:30 to 3:00 PM for a town hall meeting in the Lower Adolph Auditorium (1-7619, URMC) with Dean Richard Libby, Senior Associate Dean of Graduate Education and Postdoctoral Affairs, and special presentations by the CARE Network, the Faculty Professionalism Council (FPC), and the University Counseling Center (UCC).

Share your thoughts on the graduate student experience at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. Please submit questions via this link by Monday, May 20 to ensure that all concerns are addressed. If you would like to request accommodations, contact GradAccessServices@urmc.rochester.edu at least three business days prior to the event.

UR CTSI Student Continues on the Road to Success

Monday, May 13, 2019

Kristen Bush Marshall received her Ph.D. in Translational Biomedical Science in January 2019 and is currently serving as a postdoctoral associate in the Rochester Center for Health Informatics under the mentorship of Martin Zand, M.D., Ph.D. She has just been matched with her top-ranked choice: a field assignment in Denver for a two-year Epidemic Intelligence Service Fellowship. This position with the local health department and the state pf Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment responds to local and state-wide outbreaks allowing Bush Marshall to use her knowledge of healthcare-associated infections.

Latest Issue of Opportunities to explore - May 6-10, 2019

Monday, May 6, 2019

The new issue of opportunities to explore is out now!

Read The May 6-10, 2019 Issue

Upcoming Deadline

Center for Professional Development (CPD) Travel Award (Deadline: May 31, 2019 by 5:00 pm)

The Center of Professional Development (CPD) is sponsoring a CPD Travel Award for PhD students and postdoctoral appointees in the School of Medicine and Dentistry. Each travel award is worth up to $1500 and can be utilized for travel to a conference or for a professional development opportunity relevant to preparation for current or future career endeavors. For more information including eligibility or to apply, please visit the CPD Travel Award website.

May 10th: 8th Annual Lecture on Biomedical and Health Science Ethics

Friday, May 3, 2019

The 8th Annual Lecture on Biomedical and Health Science Ethics will be given by Daniel E. Acuna, assistant professor in the School of Information Studies at Syracuse University. 

Attendance at the lecture, from 2-3 p.m. Friday, May 10 in the Class of ’62 Auditorium (G-9425), is mandatory for Medical Center graduate students and postdoctoral appointees.

Acuna’s lecture is entitled: “How to Catch a Scientific Figure Falsifier: Analysis and statistical reporting of potential figure element reuse and splicing across millions of images.” This special lecture is part of ongoing instruction in responsible conduct of research (RCR) required of grad students and postdocs by the National Institutes of Health.

As part of ongoing efforts to satisfy this requirement, the University of Rochester sponsors periodic RCR lectures and workshops. In addition to completing the Ethics and Professional Integrity in Research Course (IND501/506), all graduate students and postdoctoral appointees are expected to participate in these lectures and workshops.

Refreshments will be available in Flaum Atrium following the lecture.

Upcoming PhD dissertation defenses

Friday, May 3, 2019

Valeriia Sherina, statistics, “Statistical Methods for qPCR Data Near the Limit of Detection.”  11 a.m. May 10, 2019.  Helen Wood Hall | 1W-509. Advisor: Matthew McCall.

Nicolas Riquelme Carrasco, economics, “Essays on Mechanism Design and Multiple Privately Informed Principals.” 10 a.m. May 10, 2019. Harkness 113. Advisor: Paulo Barelli.

Emily Wu, microbiology & immunology, “Uncovering the Role of TNF-alpha in the Genesis of Inflammatory Interstitial Lung Disease in the TNF-Transgenic Mouse Model of Rheumatoid Arthritis.”  1 p.m. May 17, 2019. Ryan Case Method Room 1-9576 (Medical Center). Advisor: Edward Schwarz.

BMB Graduates Receive College Prizes

Thursday, May 2, 2019

2019 College Prize Recipients

  • Katherine Woo: Ayman Amin-Salem Memorial Prize
  • Fayth Kim: the Janet Howell Clark Prize
  • Nicholas Lim: Irene Bush Steinbock Award
  • Kavya Bana: Helen S. Jones Memorial Fund

Next-Gen Women in Science: Dalia Ghoneim

Thursday, May 2, 2019

Wide Shot of Presentation

Dalia Ghoneim presenting

GDSC student Dalia Ghoneim from the Matthews lab was awarded the prestigious Perricone MD Born Seekers fellowship. The $20,000 award recognizes the inspiring achievements of young women in science, and is the culmination of the Scientista Foundation’s video competition, in which young women tell their personal journey in STEM.  Dalia was able to tell her remarkable story in the award-winning video clip with the help of two talented fellow GDSC-students: cameraman, sound expert and producer Adam Cornwell, and speech-editor Matt Ingalls. As a single mother of four, Dalia is now approaching the successful completion of her PhD in Genetics. She was invited to give her speech and accept her award at the Scientista Symposium 2019 in Boston, MA. The Scientista Foundation’s vision is to support the next generation of female scientists – and we can’t wait to see what Dalia will do next! Congratulations!! A clip of Dalia’s story can be seen here.

Congratulations to Sijiu Wang for receiving Mathematica summer fellowship!

Wednesday, May 1, 2019

This is a highly competitive program, which only accepts 1-3 fellows in healthcare unit nationally each year. The past awardees were all from top universities, including Harvard, U of Penn, and U of Chicago!  With the support of this fellowship, Sijiu will be working on her  own independent dissertation work and gaining additional experience from Mathematica researchers.  Great work, Sijiu!

AnnaLynn Williams Receives Vincent du Vigneaud Award

Tuesday, April 30, 2019

AnnaLynn Williams, recent PhD epidemiology graduate, has been selected to receive this year’s Vincent du Vigneaud Award which will be presented at the PhD Commencement Dinner on May 17th. This award "is presented annually to a graduating student whose thesis work is judged to be unique in potential for stimulating and extending research in the field.?" (See attached for more information about Dr. du Vigneaud and the award.) The selection committee has deemed her work as the best example of what this award represents. Please join me in congratulating AnnaLynn!

Jayme Olson earns (CTSI) Trainee Award

Tuesday, April 30, 2019

Jayme with posterJayme a GDSC-graduate student in the Palis Lab was recently awarded a Clinical and Translational Science Institute (CTSI) Trainee Award. This one-year fellowship will fund cutting edge work on the in vitro generation of human red blood cells.  Cultured human red blood cells (RBCs) have the potential to serve as a supplemental source of blood for transfusion therapy, and as a tool for clinical and research diagnostic. However, a major barrier in generating sufficient numbers of cultured RBCs cells is the limited ex vivo self-renewal capacity of adult-derived erythroblasts. Work in the Palis Lab has identified Bmi-1, a member of the polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1), as a critical regulator of erythroid self-renewal.  Bmi-1 also plays a role in normal erythroid precursor maturation. Jayme will test the hypothesis that Bmi-1 regulates erythroid self-renewal and terminal maturation using different PRC1 members. Ultimately, these proposed studies will pave the way for the generation of sufficient numbers of cultured RBCs for blood typing and transfusion therapy, as well as the establishment of in vitro models for the study of erythroid intrinsic diseases. 

31st Genetics Day at the University of Rochester

Monday, April 29, 2019

Dr. Zamore giving Keynote LectureThe University of Rochester hosted its 31st Annual Genetics Day Symposium with a poster session displaying genetics research from more than fifty post-doctoral fellows, graduate and undergraduate students. The meeting started with a strong lineup of faculty presentations, highlighting ongoing Genetics Research and as well as new faculty recruits. Speakers included Dr. Amanda Larracuente, Dr. Doug Anderson, Dr. Peng Yao, Dr. Xin Zhiguo Li and Dr. Paul Boutz. Keynote speaker Dr. Phillip Zamore, from the University of Massachusetts, delivered the 17th Annual Fred Sherman Lecture. This year’s poster prizes were awarded to:

  • Leigh Wexler: A male-specific neuroendocrine feedback loop couples food signals for feeding behavior in C. Elegans
  • Matthew Tanner: Identifying sequence determinants of altered RNA splicing in myotonic dystrophy.
  • Dr. Jacquelyn Lillis: Single-cell transcriptome analysis of embryonic erythro-myeloid progenitor cells reveals lineage heterogeneity.
  • Jayme L. Olsen: Bmi-1 regulates human erythroblast ex vivo self-renewal.
  • Anissa Elahi: Transglutaminase 2 as a therapeutic target to facilitate recovery after spinal cord injury.
  • Zhengfen (Jeff) Liu: DNA damage-specific regulation of cell cycle checkpoint by γ-h2ax.

We congratulate each poster winner and look forward to the 32nd Genetics Day next year!

A link to additional Genetics Day 2019 photos can be found here.

Latest Issue of Opportunities to explore - April 29-May 3, 2019

Monday, April 29, 2019

The new issue of opportunities to explore is out now!

Read The April 29-May 3, 2019 Issue

Resource of the week

University of Rochester International Travel Resources

The University of Rochester’s Office for Global Engagement (OGE) provides a wide range of resources available to students, faculty, and staff traveling abroad for activity sponsored or supported by the University of Rochester. To register your travel and access resources, please visit the Global Engagement website. If you have questions, contact Alan Ryon, Manager for International Travel and Security at (585) 857-1168 or Alan.Ryon@rochester.edu.

'Longevity Gene' That Helps Repair DNA And Extend Life Span Could One Day Prevent Age-Related Diseases In Humans

Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Scientists studying longevity believe a gene could explain why some animals live longer. 

In 18 species of rodents with varying life spans, researchers looked at sirtuin 6 (SIRT6), a gene that plays a role in bodily processes such as aging, cellular stress resistance and DNA repair.

Over time, DNA inevitably suffers what are known as double-strand breaks (DSBs) that can cause genes to mutate, triggering aging and diseases like cancer.

Dirk Bohmann, a professor of biomedical genetics at the University of Rochester Medical Center, explained in a statement, “[DSBs] are always going to be there, even if you’re super healthy. One of the main causes of DSBs is oxidative damage and, since we need oxygen to breathe, the breaks are inevitable.”

While animals with relatively short life spans don’t have so many DSBs, Bohmann explained, “if you want to live for 50 years or so, there’s more of a need to put a system into place to fix these breaks. The SIRT6 protein seems to be the dominant determinant of lifespan. We show that at the cell level, the DNA repair works better, and at the organism level, there is an extended lifespan.”

To answer whether SIRT6 works harder in species that live longer, the team studied 18 rodents, from mice expected to live around three years to beavers and mole rats with life expectancies of up to 32 years. Animals with stronger SIRT6 proteins were found to live longer.

This was also apparent when they compared the molecular differences in the SIRT6 proteins of mice and beavers. And by dosing human cells and fruit flies with the SIRT6 from a mouse and a beaver, as expected, the scientists found the beaver protein was more potent than the mouse protein.

Read More: 'Longevity Gene' That Helps Repair DNA And Extend Life Span Could One Day Prevent Age-Related Diseases In Humans

2019 Three Minute Thesis Winners

Monday, April 22, 2019

2019 Three Minute Thesis Winners, Emily Hangen, Greg Madejski and Brandon Berry
2019 Three Minute Thesis Winners, Emily Hangen, Greg Madejski and Brandon Berry

On April 4th, 2019 The University of Rochester held the 4th Annual Three Minute Thesis competition finals. Eight Finalists were selected and spoke for 3 minutes on their chosen research topic.

  • Emily Warner, Neuroscience Graduate Student
    "Memories can change the way we smell"
  • Brandon Berry, Pharmacology and Physiology Graduate Student
    "Light Activated Mitochondria"
  • Emily Hangen, Arts, Sciences and Engineering
    "Expectations: Helpful or Harmful?"
  • Rainier Barrett, Chemical Engineering Graduate Student 
    "Computer-Aided Drug Discovery: Machine Learning and Computational Chemistry"
  • Nancy Cardona, Obstetrics and Gynocology Postdoctoral Fellow
    "Determinants of urinary biomarkers of pesticide exposure among pregnant women in Costa Rica"
  • Greg Madejski, Biomedical Engineering Postdoctoral Associate
    "Microplastics: In your food and water"
  • Elizabeth Anson, Human Development Graduate Student
    "Youth Violence: Everything I needed to know, I learned in preschool"?
  • Kolja Keller, Philosophy Graduate Student
    "Evidence First"

After careful deliberation by both the judging panel and the audience, the winners of the 2019 Three Minute Thesis competition were:

Judge’s Winner: Emily Hangen
Judge’s Runner-Up: Greg Madejski
People’s Choice: Brandon Berry

Congratulations to Emily, Greg and Brandon! Video and Photos of the event can be found on the Three Minute Thesis Website

31st Annual Genetics Day Symposium

Monday, April 22, 2019

The Departments of Biomedical Genetics and Biology, with the support of the University Committee for Interdisciplinary Studies, host the 31st annual Genetics Day Symposium on Thursday, April 25, from 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. in the Class of ’62 Auditorium and Flaum Atrium. This year’s Fred Sherman Lecturer will be Phillip Zamore, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator and professor of biomedical sciences at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, giving a talk titled “piRNAs and the Struggle to Reproduce.”

Read More: 31st Annual Genetics Day Symposium

Latest Issue of Opportunities to explore - April 22-26, 2019

Monday, April 22, 2019

The new issue of opportunities to explore is out now!

Read The April 22-26, 2019 Issue

New Access Specialist

The Graduate Education & Postdoctoral Affairs Office is excited to introduce you to SMD’s new Access Specialist for graduate students and postdocs, Jen Prosceo. Jen joins us from MCC where she served as the Deaf/Hard of Hearing Specialist in MCC’s Disability Services Office. Prior to MCC, Jen worked as an ASL/English Interpreter in RIT’s Colleges of Liberal Arts and Imaging Arts and Sciences.

Students and postdocs may contact Jen directly to discuss/arrange for access services.

(585) 276-5075   |   jennifer.prosceo@rochester.edu

Handy Gelbard Honored for Pediatric HIV/AIDS Research

Wednesday, April 17, 2019

Harris Gelbard

Handy Gelbard, M.D., Ph.D., professor and director of the Center for Neurotherapeutics Discovery at URMC, is the 2019-2020 recipient of the Herman and Gertrude Silver Award, which honors individuals who have made significant contributions in the field of pediatric HIV and AIDS. The award is given by the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the Department of Pediatrics of the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Past award winners include a Nobel laureate and HIV investigators from leading academic institutions, the National Institutes of Health (including the current directors of the Office of AIDS Research and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

For the past 10 years Gelbard’s lab has been developing a compound called URMC-099, which dampens inflammation and has shown promise in reversing the neurological problems associated with HIV. Children with HIV who are taking combination antiretroviral therapies are extremely vulnerable to inflammation; the developing nervous system is of particular concern, as inflammation in the brain can lead to major cognitive problems.

The possibility of a new class of therapies that reduces the burden of neuroinflammation and supports normal synaptic architecture (the basis for learning and memory) offers considerable hope for children that are saddled with the unwanted burden of HIV, despite effective control of the virus.

Gelbard believes the path forward for URMC-099 as an adjunct agent for children living with HIV and neurologic disease will likely involve combination therapy with next generation antiretroviral agents. This is a priority in resource-limited settings such as Africa, and Gelbard is working with David Bearden, M.D., assistant professor in the division of Child Neurology at URMC to help advance uses for URMC-099 in pediatric patients there. Bearden’s work is supported by a National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke grant to Gretchen Birbeck, M.D., M.P.H., professor of Neurology and Michael Potchen, M.D., professor of Imaging Sciences. The work is also supported by the University of Rochester Center for AIDS Research.

Gelbard will receive the Silver Award in November during a two-day symposium at CHOP. He will present pediatric grand rounds describing his progress in inventing the class of compounds spearheaded by URMC-099 and its role in treating pediatric and adult HIV infection and its complications. He’ll also give a seminar on current and future developments related to URMC-099 to attendees from multiple medical and scientific institutions in Philadelphia.

New Issue of Opportunities to Explore - April 15-19

Monday, April 15, 2019

The new issue of opportunities to explore is out now! Remember that next week is graduate student appreciation week

Read The April 15-19, 2019 Issue

Meet the Graduate Education & Postdoctoral Affairs Team

Benjamin Lovell

Benjamin Lovell, Admissions Coordinator and Assistant to the Dean

Ben serves as the Admissions Coordinator, managing the day-to-day admissions operations, and serving as assistant to the Senior Associate Dean for Graduate Education and Postdoctoral Affairs (SAD-GEPA). He also serves as Course Administrator for the “Ethics and Professional Integrity in Research” course, taught in the Fall semester.

Trainees typically contact Ben to discuss the graduate or preparatory program application process, to schedule a meeting with the SAD-GEPA, and for assistance with issues relating to the Ethics course. To request a meeting with Ben, please contact him directly at (585) 275-2933 or email Benjamin Lovell

TBS Student is Finalist in "Shark Tank"-Style Competition

Monday, April 15, 2019

Jesse WangCongratulations to Jesse Wang, a student in the UR CTSI Translational Biomedical Science Ph.D. program, who was one of four finalists in the ACP Innovation Challenge 2019. Wang presented his "digital scribe" technology at this “Shark Tank”-style competition hosted by the American College of Physicians, on Saturday, April 13. His digital scribe technology can capture statistical speech analysis and natural language conversation between a physician and patient and automatically update eRecord. The system would capture and document the appropriate information during a patient interview, alleviating physicians' workload.