Many accidental injuries and emergencies can be prevented by taking another look at
your family's environment, lifestyles, and risks. Finding problems early and responding
quickly is vital. This can help keep situations manageable, and stop them from becoming
It's important to be alert and to follow a program designed to help you and your family
Supervise all children's activities, especially those around water, such as bathing
Install safety devices in your home, such as smoke detectors, carbon monoxide detectors, safety
locks on cabinets and toilet lids, handrails, and fire extinguishers.
Maintain heating equipment. Unplug extra heaters when sleeping.
Keep electrical appliances unplugged when not in use. This includes hairdryers, toasters,
and curling irons. Check cords to be sure they aren't frayed.
According to the American Pediatric Society, guns shouldn't be kept in the home of
a child. If you must have a gun in the house, keep it unloaded, uncocked, and locked
up. Ammunition needs to be locked in a separate location. Only the parents should
know the gun's location. If your child stays or plays at other homes, ask if they
have guns and how they are stored. This includes the homes of relatives, neighbors,
Make a fire escape route and plan, and practice using it. Be sure each family member
knows what to do in case of emergency.
Set your water heater thermostat to 120°F (49°C) or below to prevent scald burns.
Wear appropriate safety equipment at home, work, or play.
Always insist that all car passengers are wearing seat belts. Be sure that children
are restrained in car seats correctly.
Make sure children age 12 and younger are always seated in the rear seat. Be sure
they are using appropriate restraints.
Read and understand the labels on medicines, vitamins, and food products.
Keep all alcohol in a locked cabinet. Alcohol can be toxic to children. Empty any
unfinished drinks right away.
Store medicines and potential poisons in a safe place, away from children.
Keep a well-stocked, first aid kit at home, work, and in the car.
Keep a list of emergency numbers in your home, business, and place of play. This list
should include the police, fire department, poison control center, local emergency
service (if different than 911), local hospital, and your healthcare providers.