Sleep enough. Insomnia is the most common sleep problem in adults older than 50. Insomnia makes
it difficult to fall asleep and stay asleep. Older adults should get seven to nine
hours a night. If sleep is a problem for you, try to follow a regular sleep schedule
and avoid napping in the late afternoon or evening.
Exercise. Physical activity can lower your risk for heart disease, stroke, and diabetes, and
improve your brain’s health. Balance exercises are particularly important. They help
you prevent falls and injuries and live on your own longer. Experts recommend doing
moderate aerobic activity for two hours and 30 minutes each week and balance activities
three or more days a week. For balance, practice standing on one foot at a time, or
stand up from a sitting position without using your hands.
Eat well. Nutritious eating can also help you maintain a healthy weight and reduce your risk
for chronic diseases, such as heart disease and cancer. If you develop dental problems,
try eating softer foods, such as soups, canned tuna, or cooked vegetables.