First-Degree Burns (Superficial)
What is a superficial first-degree burn?
Superficial first-degree burns affect only the epidermis, or outer layer of skin. The burn site is red, painful, dry, and with no blisters. Mild sunburn is an example. Long-term tissue damage is rare and usually consists of an increase or decrease in the skin color.
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What causes a superficial first-degree burn?
In most cases,superficial first-degree burns are caused by the following:
What are the symptoms of a superficial first-degree burn?
The following are the most common signs and symptoms of a superficial first-degree burn:
The symptoms of a first-degree burn may look like other conditions or medical problems. Talk to your child's doctor for a diagnosis.
Treatment for superficial first-degree burns
Your child’s healthcare provider will figure out the best treatment based on:
How old your child is
His or her overall health and medical history
How sick he or she is
How well your child can handle specific medicines, procedures, or therapies
How long the condition is expected to last
Your opinion or preference
Superficial first-degree burns usually heal on their own within a week. Treatment may depend on the severity of the burn and may include the following:
Superficial first-degree burns are usually not bandaged. Talk with your child's doctor if additional treatment for first-degree burns is needed.
- Duldner, John E., MD, MS
- Fetterman, Anne, RN, BSN