Brushing and Toothpaste
The importance of brushing
The single best way to remove harmful plaque -- a thin, sticky film loaded with bacteria
-- from teeth and gums is to brush teeth regularly and properly.
What is the proper technique for teeth brushing?
Because every mouth is different, there is more than one effective way to brush. Deciding
which way is that's best for you depends largely on your teeth position and gum condition.
Talk to your dentist to decide which brushing method is best for your mouth.
Generally, most dentists recommend a circular method for brushing. This includes brushing
only a small group of teeth at a time -- gradually covering the entire mouth. It's
important to use a circular motion because using a back and forth motion may cause
Instead, dentists recommend the following method:
Place the toothbrush beside your teeth with the bristles pointed at the gums at a
Gently brush only a small group of teeth at a time (in a circular or elliptical motion)
until the entire mouth is covered.
Brush the outside of the teeth, inside of the teeth, and the chewing surfaces.
Gently brush the tongue to remove bacteria and freshen breath.
Repeat steps one through four at least twice daily, especially after meals and snacks.
What type of toothbrush should be used?
A toothbrush head should be small -- about 1 inch by 1/2 inch -- and should have a
handle suitable for firm grasping. The bristles of the brush should be soft, nylon,
and rounded at the ends. This helps ensure that the brush bristles are kind to the
gums and tooth surfaces. Soft, polished bristles allow you to reach into the crevice
between the teeth and gums to remove plaque without damaging the gums. Some brushes
are too abrasive and can wear down the enamel on teeth. Thus, in most cases, medium
and hard bristles are not recommended. Only gentle pressure is needed when brushing
to remove the plaque. Excessive pressure can cause the gums to recede and abrade the
How often is brushing needed?
Generally, brushing is recommended twice a day for at least 2 minutes each time. People
generally think they are brushing long enough, when in fact, most people spend less
than 1 minute brushing. In addition, it is generally better to brush 2 minutes twice
a day instead of brushing quickly 5 or more times throughout the day.
Dentists advise brushing your teeth during the day while at work, school, or play.
Keeping a toothbrush handy -- in your desk or backpack -- increases the chance that
you will brush during the day. Replace your toothbrush every 2 to 3 months.
What is toothpaste?
Toothpaste is made up of the following cleaning ingredients:
Humectant (helps retain moisture) and water (75%)
Foaming and flavoring agents (2%)
pH buffers (2%)
Coloring agents, binders, and opacifiers (1.5%)
Facts about toothpaste
Brushing with toothpaste (particularly toothpaste with fluoride) helps to:
Which type of toothpaste is best?
Fluoride is the most crucial ingredient in toothpaste. As long as the toothpaste contains
fluoride, the brand or type (paste, gel, or powder) generally does not matter. All
fluoride toothpastes work effectively to fight plaque and cavities, and clean and
polish tooth enamel. The brand you choose should bear the ADA (American Dental Association)
seal of approval on the container, which means that adequate evidence of safety and
efficacy have been demonstrated in controlled, clinical trials.
Some toothpastes offer tartar control pyrophosphates to prevent the build-up of hard
calculus deposits on teeth, while others offer whitening formulas to safely remove
stains, making teeth brighter and shinier. But, contrary to clever advertising and
popular belief, fluoride is the true active ingredient that works the hardest to protect