Anatomy of the Respiratory System
Respiration is the act of breathing:
The respiratory system is made up of the organs included in the exchange of oxygen
and carbon dioxide. The respiratory system is divided into two areas: the upper respiratory
tract and the lower respiratory tract.
The upper respiratory tract is made up of the:
Voice box (Larynx)
The lower respiratory tract is made up of the:
The lungs take in oxygen. Your body's cells need oxygen to live and carry out their
normal functions. The lungs also get rid of carbon dioxide, a waste product of the
The lungs are a pair of cone-shaped organs made up of spongy, pinkish-gray tissue.
They take up most of the space in the chest (thorax).
The lungs are surrounded by a membrane (pleura).
The lungs are separated from each other by the mediastinum, an area that contains
The right lung has three sections, called lobes. The left lung has two lobes. When
you breathe in:
Air enters your body through your nose or mouth.
Air then travels down the throat through the larynx and trachea.
Air goes into the lungs through tubes called main-stem bronchi.
One main-stem bronchus leads to the right lung and one to the left lung:
In the lungs, the main-stem bronchi divide into smaller bronchi.
The smaller bronchi divide into even smaller tubes (bronchioles).
Bronchioles end in tiny air sacs (alveoli) where the exchange of oxygen and carbon
You then breathe out carbon dioxide.