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URMC / Senior Health / Aging Successfully / Preventing Injury

Preventing Injury

Preventing injuries is one of the easiest (and most obvious) ways to protect your health and ensure successful aging. Let's look at some of the major physical factors that can help you prevent injury.


Poor vision increases the risk of injury. Our eyesight changes as we get older, often resulting in a weakened ability to see things clearly. Poor night vision, sensitivity to glare, and a diminished sense of depth perception are all part of normal aging. So get your vision checked regularly. Make sure you don't have conditions such as glaucoma and cataracts; if you do, get them treated. If you wear glasses, get them checked for effectiveness.


Hearing is another ability that can diminish with age. Because hearing loss can also make you less aware of dangers (for example, sirens, cars honking, smoke alarms), it's important to have your hearing checked regularly and to properly maintain and use hearing aids if you need them.

Mental Functioning

The ability to understand and relate clearly to our environment is key to personal safety. If a senior displays signs of dementia, family members and caregivers need to help prevent accidents by ensuring that the person lives in a safe place. Modern dementia care facilities are designed to allow freedom and safety for seniors at risk. Seniors living at home require the same safety precautions.

Health and Medication

Some medications can cause drowsiness, blurred vision, dizziness, and muscle relaxation, all conditions that can lead to injury. Always consult with the doctor about possible side effects and interactions with over-the-counter medications. It's safer for seniors to be awake and aware.


Exercises suitable for seniors, even the frail elderly, can help develop better muscle tone to improve balance and gait.