Research Overview The resident is expected to undertake substantive research resulting—as a minimum—in publishing one report in a peer-reviewed basic science journal, and making one podium presentation at a significant national neurosurgical meeting. The resident also is expected to attend all neurosurgical educational conferences. A year dedicated to laboratory research provides a unique opportunity for learning, investigation and analysis in a neurosurgical concentration and related disciplines. This year furnishes the resident with an otherwise unobtainable experience. The critical assessment and independent investigative analysis will serve him/her well, regardless of the chosen subspecialty area.