Research Overview Biomedical research within the Department of Surgery encompasses opportunities in basic science and clinical research. Positions include standard basic science laboratory practicum for two to-three years with a mentor chosen by the resident in an NIH-funded laboratory. Research cores include cardiac and vascular biology, cancer biology, immunology, wound healing and the systemic response to sepsis, neurotology, shock and trauma, and gastrointestinal disease. The research mission of the General Surgery Residency Program is accomplished within the context of the University of Rochester's peer review-funded basic science and clinical research programs. The University ranks in the top third of medical schools with NIH peer review grant funding.