Faculty The Department of Anesthesiology is dedicated to the education of future basic and clinical scientists. Our research faculty is composed of basic scientists, clinician-scientists, and clinicians. Areas of research excellence within the Department include mitochondrial disease, neurodegenerative disease, ischemia-reperfusion, the treatment and prevention of chronic pain, quality measurement and the impact of report cards on quality of care, respiratory physiology and educational research. Below are a few of our dedicated research faculty and their research highlights. For a complete listing please visit our research page. Basic Science Research Anesthesiology Respiratory Research The Anesthesiology Respiratory Research Laboratory was started by Dr. J Weldon Bellville at Stanford in the 1960’s and has been studying the effects of sleep, exercise and drugs on the control of breathing ever since. In 1972, Dr Bellville moved the laboratory to UCLA at which time Dr. Denham Ward joined the research group. In 1981, Dr. Ward became the director of the laboratory and in 1992 the laboratory was moved to the University of Rochester. Suzanne B Karan was appointed laboratory director in 2010 and is carrying on the traditions of the laboratory. She is currently studying sleep apnea and the reversal of sedative induced respiratory arrhythmias. Brookes Lab The Paul Brookes lab focuses on cardiac ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury and cardioprotection. Johnson Lab The primary focus of Dr. Gail Johnson’s research group is on the molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration. Wojtovich Lab The Andrew Wojtovich lab focuses on the roles of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in mitochondrial physiology and stress signaling. Clinical Research Our extensive clinical research program covers a broad spectrum of research interests from the study of sleep disorders and its impact on the anesthesia management of OSA patients, to the understanding of factors leading to the development of chronic neuropathic pain. Robert H. Dworkin, Ph.D. Director, Anesthesiology Clinical Research Center Professor of Anesthesiology, Neurology, Oncology, and Psychiatry Rajbala Thakur, M.B.B.S., M.D. Medical Director, Anesthesiology Clinical Research Center Associate Professor of Anesthesiology Outcomes Research The Outcomes Group in the Department of Anesthesiology conducts healthcare research to improve quality of care. Our work focuses on outcomes measurement and risk-adjustment. Dr. Laurant Glance Professor News, Events & Publications 2016Dr. Gewandter and colleagues’ manuscript accepted for publication in Muscle and NerveTuesday, July 19, 2016 This review evaluates the content and content validity of the existing measure for 3 commonly studied peripheral neuropathy conditions (diabetic, chemotherapy, and HIV neuropathy) in order to help researchers evaluate which measure would be most useful for their studies as well as serve as a basis for optimizing a current measure or creating a new one. Jennifer S. Gewandter, Laurie Burke, Guido Cavaletti, Robert H. Dworkin, Christopher Gibbons, Tony D. Gover, David N. Herrmann, Justin C. McArthur, Michael P. McDermott, Bob A. Rappaport, Bryce B. Reeve, James W. Russell, A. Gordon Smith, Shannon M. Smith, Dennis C. Turk, Aaron I. Vinik, Roy. Dr. Papadakos Publishes in Quarterly Newsletter of the Society of Neurocritical CareMonday, July 18, 2016 Dr. Peter Papadakos published an article, "The Rise in Bogus Science - The Explosion of Predatory Journals" in the Quarterly Newsletter of the Society of Neurocritical Care Currents, Vol. 11, No. 2. Dr. Papadakos is an advocate in bringing the explosion of questionable for-profit medical journals to light. They are a danger to the integrity of medical science. Dr. Gewandter and co-authors have article published in PAINThursday, July 14, 2016 Dr. Gewandter and co-authors, including past anesthesiology residents Drs. Hoang and Rothstein and current and future pain fellows Drs. Kralovic and Iwan published a systematic review in PAIN. The review identified deficiencies in reporting of analgesic clinical trials with cross-over designs. It provides recommendations for the details that should be included in primary publications of cross-over trials to ensure readers’ ability to critically evaluate the results, use the data in meta-analyses, and plan future trials. Jennifer S. Gewandter, Michael P. McDermott, Andrew McKeown, Kim Hoang, Katarzyna Iwan, Sarah Kralovic, Daniel Rothstein, Ian Gilron, Nathaniel P. Katz, Srinivasa N. Raja, Stephen Senn, Shannon M. Smith, Dennis C. Turk, Robert H. Dworkin. Reporting of cross-over clinical trials of analgesic treatments for chronic pain: ACTTION systematic review and recommendations.Dr. Lyons Wins Gabel AwardWednesday, July 13, 2016 Dr. David Lyons has received the 2016 Ronald A. Gabel, MD Award for Teaching Excellence, announced at the Resident Graduation Party on Saturday, June 18. The award, named in honor of Dr. Gabel, former Chair of the Department, recognizes excellence in clinical or didactic teaching and deems the individual upholds the highest of personal ethical standards, including integrity, fairness, and respect and compassion for others.Dr. Correll Wins Resident Teacher of the YearTuesday, July 12, 2016 Dr. Lynnie Correll has received the 2016 Resident Teacher of the Year Award, announced at the Resident Graduation Party on Saturday, June 18. The recipient of the award is chosen by the medical students, and is based on their evaluations of the resident who has had the most impact on teaching the ANS 601 course. Congratulations, Dr. Correll!Top Abstracts at the Society for Education of Anesthesia Annual MeetingTuesday, July 12, 2016 Two abstracts from our Department were chosen as the top six abstracts for oral presentation at the Society for Education in Anesthesia’s annual meeting in Baltimore, MD on June 4, 2016. The first authors of the abstracts were Dr. Kaitlyn Mitchell and Dr. Colin Sheehan. Dr. Sheehan presented a new safety and quality program at URMC entitled, “Implementation of the Safety Program at the Institutional Level: Difficult Airway Response Team (DART) Program”. Dr. Kaitlyn Mitchell presented, “Educational Innovation in Difficult Airway Management: Multidisciplinary Difficult Airway Course” and was awarded the second best abstract in the innovative curriculum category. Both were mentored by Dr. Zana Borovcanin. Congratulations to Kaitlyn and Colin! Dr. Andrew Wojtovich Article Accepted in Molecular PharmacologyWednesday, June 29, 2016 Dr. Andrew Wojtovich and colleagues have had their manuscript, “Dihydromunduletone is a Small-Molecule Selective Adhesion G Protein-Coupled Receptor Antagonist”, accepted for publication in the journal, Molecular Pharmacology. Hannah M. Stoveken, Laura L. Bahr, M.W. Anders, Andrew P. Wojtovich, Alan V. Smrcka, and Gregory G. Tall, DOI: 10.1124/mol.116.104828. Dr. Dworkin Delivers Plenary Lecture at World Institute of PainMonday, June 20, 2016 At the recent meeting of the World Institute of Pain (May 20-23, 2016; New York City), Robert Dworkin, PhD, delivered a plenary lecture on “Toward an evidence-based approach to the design of clinical trials” and a second presentation on “Beyond NNTs: Have pain treatment guidelines neglected safety and tolerability?”Dr. Dailor Selected for Senior Leader Education and Development Program (SLED)Wednesday, June 1, 2016 Dr. Ellen Dailor has been selected to participate in the University’s Senior Leader Education and Development Program (SLED). The program is a two-year educational leadership development program created to provide leadership development opportunity for URSMD faculty in senior leadership positions. It is designed to foster practical knowledge from recognized theoretical models and best practices.Dr. Papadakos Named Co-Chair of Society of Neurocritical Care Advocacy CommitteeWednesday, June 1, 2016 Dr. Peter Papadakos has been named Co-Chair of the Society of Neurocritical Care Advocacy Committee. The committee is responsible for the public face of the society making the case to patients, the public, policy makers and other healthcare professionals that complex, life-threatening neurological diseases are best cared for by a multidisciplinary team with special expertise in neurocritical care. He has also been appointed to serve on the branding task force. The Society of Neurocritical Care is the largest international society in the field of the care of critical ill neurosurgery and neurology patients. Dr. Papadakos also serves as an editor for the Society’s Journal Neurocritical Care.