Shoulder and Elbow Pain Severe shoulder and elbow pain can limit your everyday activities and keep you from doing the things you love. If you experience ongoing pain, a complete evaluation at the Evarts Joint Center can identify the best treatment options for you. Learn more from our Health Encyclopedia. Anatomy Of The Shoulder Anatomy Of The Elbow Interactive Module: Orthopaedic Conditions and Procedures Common Causes Of Shoulder Pain Shoulder Instability and Dislocation can occur when the muscles and ligaments of the shoulder are torn or stretched beyond their normal limits by athletic activities, a fall onto an outstretched hand or violent twisting. Symptoms include pain and/or weakness in the arm, and a feeling of looseness. Shoulder Separation or Sprain occurs when the ligaments are torn, or partially torn, away from the bone. Common causes include trauma from a fall or a direct blow to the front or top part of the shoulder. Symptoms include severe pain and a misshapen shoulder. Shoulder Tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendons in the rotator cuff, and can be caused by repeated over-the-head movements such as pitching a ball or working with your arms overhead. Inflamed tendons can get trapped under a section of the shoulder blade — impingement syndrome — and can cause a tear in the rotator cuff. Bursitis occurs when tendonitis and impingement syndrome cause inflammation of the bursa sacs that protect the shoulder. Rotator Cuff Injury is a tear and/or rupture in one or more tendons in the shoulder, and is most common in middle-aged or older adults. Symptoms include pain, difficulty lifting the arm, and difficulty sleeping on the injured side. Frozen Shoulder or Adhesive Capsulitis is characterized by the complete inability to move the shoulder. The shoulder capsule thickens and tightens and there may be a lack of synovial fluid in the joint. The condition can develop if the shoulder is immobilized during recovery from surgery or injury. Osteoarthritis is a chronic degeneration of the cartilage and membrane of the joint that leads to pain and stiffness when the bones rub together. Osteoarthritis usually occurs in people 50 and older, and often in individuals with a family history of the condition. Common Causes Of Elbow Pain Nerve Entrapment Injury - Cubital Tunnel Syndrome occurs when the ulnar nerve is compressed due to chronic irritation, injury, or pressure. Causes include frequent repetitive activities or direct injury to the area. Symptoms include pain and numbness in the hand, ring finger, and little finger. Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow) is characterized by pain on the outside of the elbow caused by damage to the tendons that bend the wrist backward away from the palm. The condition can be the result of repetitive motion or athletic activities such as hitting a backhand shot in tennis. Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer's or Baseball Elbow) is characterized by pain from the elbow to the wrist on the inside of the elbow, and is the result of damage to the tendons that bend the wrist toward the palm. The condition can be the result of repetitive motion or athletic activities such as golf or batting a ball. Elbow Instability describes a condition where the muscles and ligaments of the elbow are torn or stretched beyond their normal limits, and may be caused by a fall onto an outstretched hand or violent twisting. Symptoms include recurrent painful clicking, snapping, clucking, or locking of the elbow. Osteoarthritis is a chronic degeneration of the cartilage and membrane of the joint that leads to pain and stiffness when the bones rub together. Osteoarthritis usually occurs in people 50 and older, and often in individuals with a family history of the condition.